Describe the purpose of distillation (or fractional distillation) in the refining of crude oil.
Crude oil is the mixture of different hydrocarbons which are basic raw materials and source of energy in our life. It is the main cause root of the change in the economic growth of any country in the race of globalization and modernizations. The components of crude oil are separated by fractional distillation due to difference in their boiling points like petrol, diesel, furnace oil, parrafin wax, gaseous or volatile products, fuel oil, bitumen, kerosine, lubricant oil etc. So fractional distillation is used to separate these components of crude oil.
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