Question

Let H be a reflexive relation on A. Prove that all relation R on A. It is true that R ⊆ H ◦ R and R ⊆ R ◦ H.

Answer #1

Let R be a relation on A. Suppose that dom(R) = A and
R^(-1)∘R⊆R. Prove that R is reflexive on A.

5. Prove or disprove the following statements:
(a) Let R be a relation on the set Z of integers such that xRy
if and only if xy ≥ 1. Then, R is irreflexive.
(b) Let R be a relation on the set Z of integers such that xRy
if and only if x = y + 1 or x = y − 1. Then, R is irreflexive.
(c) Let R and S be reflexive relations on a set A. Then,...

Let
A be the set of all integers, and let R be the relation "m divides
n." Determine whether or not the given relation R, on the set A, is
reflexive, symmetric, antisymmetric, or transitive.

Let
A be the set of all real numbers, and let R be the relation "less
than." Determine whether or not the given relation R, on the set A,
is reflexive, symmetric, antisymmetric, or transitive.

Let A be the set of all lines in the plane. Let the relation R
be defined as:
“l1 R l2 ⬄ l1 intersects
l2.” Determine whether S is reflexive, symmetric, or
transitive. If the answer is “yes,” give a justification (full
proof is not needed); if the answer is “no” you must give a
counterexample.

Let H be a group acting on A. Prove that the relation ∼ on A
defined by a ∼ b if and only if a = hb for some h ∈ H is an
equivalence relation.

Disprove: The following relation R on set Q is either reflexive,
symmetric, or transitive. Let t and z be elements of Q. then t R z
if and only if t = (z+1) * n for some integer n.

A relation R on a set A is called circular if for all a,b,c in
A, aRb and bRc imply cRa. Prove that a relation is an equivalence
relation iff it is reflexive and circular.

Determine whether the relation R is reflexive, symmetric,
antisymmetric, and/or transitive [4 Marks]
22
The relation R on Z where (?, ?) ∈ ? if ? = ? .
The relation R on the set of all subsets of {1, 2, 3, 4} where
SRT means S C T.

Let F = {A ⊆ Z : |A| < ∞} be the set of all finite sets of
integers. Let R be the relation on F defined by A R B if and only
if |A| = |B|. (a) Prove or disprove: R is reflexive. (b) Prove or
disprove: R is irreflexive. (c) Prove or disprove: R is symmetric.
(d) Prove or disprove: R is antisymmetric. (e) Prove or disprove: R
is transitive. (f) Is R an equivalence relation? Is...

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