Question

# Quantitative Problem: Rosnan Industries' 2019 and 2018 balance sheets and income statements are shown below. Balance...

Quantitative Problem: Rosnan Industries' 2019 and 2018 balance sheets and income statements are shown below.

 Balance Sheets Assets 2019 2018 Cash and equivalents \$100 \$85 Accounts receivable 275 300 Inventories 375 250 Total current assets \$750 \$635 Net plant and equipment 2,300 1,490 Total assets \$3,050 \$2,125 Liabilities and Equity Accounts payable \$150 \$85 Accruals 75 50 Notes payable 150 75 Total current liabilities \$375 \$210 Long-term debt 450 290 Total liabilities 825 500 Common stock 1,225 1,225 Retained earnings 1,000 400 Common equity 2,225 1,625 Total liabilities and equity \$3,050 \$2,125

 Income Statements 2019 2018 Sales \$2,385 \$1,525 Operating costs excluding depreciation and amortization 1,250 1,000 EBITDA \$1,135 \$525 Depreciation and amortization 100 75 EBIT \$1,035 \$450 Interest 63 46 EBT \$972 \$404 Taxes (25%) 243 101 Net income \$729 \$303 Dividends paid \$54 \$48 Addition to retained earnings \$600 \$255 Shares outstanding 100 100 Price \$25.00 \$22.50 WACC 10.00%

The balance in the firm's cash and equivalents account is needed for operations and is not considered "excess" cash. Using the financial statements given above, what is Rosnan's 2019 free cash flow (FCF)?

Use a minus sign to indicate a negative FCF. Round your answer to the nearest cent. \$

Solution:

Calculation of free cash flow:

Change in net working capital=(Current assets for 2019-Current assets for 2018)-Current liabilities for 2019-Current liabilities for 2018)

=(\$750-\$635)-(\$375-\$210)

=-\$50

Capital expenditure=Net plant and equipment for 2019+Depreciation-Net plant and equipment for 2018

=\$2300+\$100-\$1490

=\$910

Free cash flow =EBIT(1-tax rate)+Depreciation-Change in net working capital-Capital expenditure

=\$1,035(1-0.25)+\$100-(-\$50)-\$910

=\$16.25