Question

1. When jumping straight down, you can be seriously injured if you land stiff-legged. One way...

1. When jumping straight down, you can be seriously injured if you land stiff-legged. One way to avoid injury is to bend your knees upon landing to reduce the force of the impact. A 85.4-kg man just before contact with the ground has a speed of 5.01 m/s. (a) In a stiff-legged landing he comes to a halt in 2.25 ms. Find the magnitude of the average net force that acts on him during this time. (b) When he bends his knees, he comes to a halt in 0.220 s. Find the magnitude of the average net force now. (c) During the landing, the force of the ground on the man points upward, while the force due to gravity points downward. The average net force acting on the man includes both of these forces. Taking into account the directions of the forces, find the magnitude of the force applied by the ground on the man in part (b).

2. A 8.85-g bullet is moving horizontally with a velocity of +366 m/s, where the sign + indicates that it is moving to the right (see part a of the drawing). The bullet is approaching two blocks resting on a horizontal frictionless surface. Air resistance is negligible. The bullet passes completely through the first block (an inelastic collision) and embeds itself in the second one, as indicated in part b. Note that both blocks are moving after the collision with the bullet. The mass of the first block is 1226 g, and its velocity is +0.659 m/s after the bullet passes through it. The mass of the second block is 1582 g. (a) What is the velocity of the second block after the bullet imbeds itself? (b) Find the ratio of the total kinetic energy after the collision to that before the collision.

Homework Answers

Answer #1

a) average force = m(V-U)/t

= 85.4×{0-5.01)/0.00225

= 190157 N

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