Question

A large turntable (a merry-go-round) is able to rotate with friction about a fixed vertical axis through its center. The moment of inertia of the turntable about this axis is 1300 kg⋅m2 . A daring child, with a mass of 40.0 kg , is riding the merry-go-round while wearing roller skates. She is initially standing at the center of the turntable (and spinning with the turntable); at this time, the turntable is making one revolution every 6.50 seconds . The adventurous child finds that as soon as she is slightly off-center she naturally moves toward the rim of the merry-go-round. Playfully, she manages to move outward along a radius at a very slow constant speed by grabbing one of the radial support rails and applying just the right amount grip pressure to allow herself to slip slowly outwards. Assume that you can treat the child as a point mass.

A. What is the angular momentum of the system of child and turntable before the child starts any outward radial movement? Remember that you are expected to treat the child as a point mass.

B. What is the spin rate of the turntable when the child is a distance of 1.50 m from the center?

C. How much thermal energy has been produced in the child's hands and in the support rail as the child has moved from the center to a distance of 1.50 m from the center?

Thank you!

Answer #1

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(8%)
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