Question

2. Prove that the set of finite sequences of lower case letters (a, b, c, . . ., z) is countable.

Answer #1

Prove for each:
a. Proposition: If A is finite and B is countable, then A ∪ B is
countable.
b. Proposition: Every subset A ⊆ N is finite or countable.
[Similarly if A ⊆ B with B countable.]
c. Proposition: If N → A is a surjection, then A is finite or
countable. [Or if countable B → A surjection.]

Prove that the set of all finite subsets of Q is countable

Let S denote the set of all possible finite binary strings, i.e.
strings of finite length made up of only 0s and 1s, and no other
characters. E.g., 010100100001 is a finite binary string but
100ff101 is not because it contains characters other than 0, 1.
a. Give an informal proof arguing why this set should be
countable. Even though the language of your proof can be informal,
it must clearly explain the reasons why you think the set should...

[Q] Prove or disprove:
a)every subset of an uncountable set is countable.
b)every subset of a countable set is countable.
c)every superset of a countable set is countable.

Prove whether or not the set ? is countable.
a. ? = [0, 0.001)
b. ? = ℚ x ℚ
I do not really understand how to prove
S is countable.

Let F = {A ⊆ Z : |A| < ∞} be the set of all finite sets of
integers. Let R be the relation on F defined by A R B if and only
if |A| = |B|. (a) Prove or disprove: R is reflexive. (b) Prove or
disprove: R is irreflexive. (c) Prove or disprove: R is symmetric.
(d) Prove or disprove: R is antisymmetric. (e) Prove or disprove: R
is transitive. (f) Is R an equivalence relation? Is...

Prove that the set of 2×2 matrices with natural number entries
is countable.

Prove that a subset of a countably infinite set is finite or
countably infinite.

Let A be a finite set and f a function from A to A.
Prove That f is one-to-one if and only if f is onto.

Write a C++ program that defines an array
of 10 characters ( only lower-case letters ) then you have to check
if character 'a' oppears within the array by outputting the index
of the character of it is found otherwise output " the character is
not found " .

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