Question

# One of largest banks in the country is researching the payment method used by restaurant customers....

One of largest banks in the country is researching the payment method used by restaurant customers. The interest is to know if customers have changed their method of payment with respect to last year. As the statistician in charge of the analysis you survey 220 restaurants and find historical information on payment method as shown in the table below. Allow 5% of error when performing the statistical test.

Category 2017 Market Share    2018-Observed

Credit card      0.50                     100

Debit card   0.20                        30

Personal check 0.05                            20

Cash 0.25 70

Total 1                        220

A. What is the expected value for each category?

b. What is the value of the test statistic you calculated for this problem?

c. What is the value of degrees of freedom?

d. What is the critical value for the given alpha?

e. What is your decision after performing the test?

f. What is your conclusion after performing the test? Be specific and relate to the problem.

applying chi square goodness of fit test:

 relative observed Expected residual Chi square category frequency Oi Ei=total*p R2i=(Oi-Ei)/√Ei R2i=(Oi-Ei)2/Ei credit card 0.500 100 110.00 -0.95 0.909 debit card 0.200 30 44.00 -2.11 4.455 personal check 0.050 20 11.00 2.71 7.364 cash 0.250 70 55.00 2.02 4.091 total 1.000 220 220 16.818

A) expected value for each category is given in expected value column

B)value of the test statistic X2 =16.818

C)

 degree of freedom =categories-1= 3

D) critical value for the given alpha =7.815

E) as test statistic is higher than crtiical value we reject Ho

F)we conclude that customers have changed their method of payment with respect to last year

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