Question

# For each of the following situations, give the degrees of freedom for the group (DFG), for...

For each of the following situations, give the degrees of freedom for the group (DFG), for error (DFE), and for the total (DFT). State the null and alternative hypotheses, H0 and Ha, and give the numerator and denominator degrees of freedom for the F statistic.

(a) A poultry farmer is interested in reducing the cholesterol level in his marketable eggs. He wants to compare two different cholesterol-lowering drugs added to the hen's standard diet as well as an all-vegetarian diet. He assigns 30 of his hens to each of the three treatments.

 DFG = 1 DFE = 2 DFT = 3

H0:

All groups have different mean cholesterol levels. All groups have the same mean cholesterol level.     The all-vegetarian diet group has a lower mean cholesterol level. The all-vegetarian diet group has a higher mean cholesterol level. At least one group has a different mean cholesterol level.

Ha:

All groups have the same mean cholesterol level. The all-vegetarian diet group has a higher mean cholesterol level.     At least one group has a different mean cholesterol level. The all-vegetarian diet group has a lower mean cholesterol level. All groups have different mean cholesterol levels.

 numerator df 6 denominator df 7

(b) A researcher is interested in students' opinions regarding an additional annual fee to support non-income-producing varsity sports. Students were asked to rate their acceptance of this fee on a seven-point scale. She received 95 responses, of which 30 were from students who attend varsity football or basketball games only, 17 were from students who also attend other varsity competitions, and 48 who did not attend any varsity games.

 DFG = 8 DFE = 9 DFT = 10

H0:

All groups have the same mean rating. All groups have different mean ratings.     The group of students who do not attend games has a lower mean rating. The group of students who do not attend games has a higher mean rating. At least one group has a different mean rating.

Ha:

All groups have different mean ratings. The group of students who do not attend games has a lower mean rating.     All groups have the same mean rating. The group of students who do not attend games has a higher mean rating. At least one group has a different mean rating.

 numerator df 13 denominator df 14

(c) A professor wants to evaluate the effectiveness of his teaching assistants. In one class period, the 42 students were randomly divided into three equal-sized groups, and each group was taught power calculations from one of the assistants. At the beginning of the next class, each student took a quiz on power calculations, and these scores were compared.

 DFG = 15 DFE = 16 DFT = 17

H0:

The group taught by the oldest TA has a lower mean quiz score. All groups have the same mean quiz score.     At least one group has a different mean quiz score. All groups have different mean quiz scores. The group taught by the oldest TA has a higher mean quiz score.

Ha:

All groups have the same mean quiz score. At least one group has a different mean quiz score.     All groups have different mean quiz scores. The group taught by the oldest TA has a lower mean quiz score. The group taught by the oldest TA has a higher mean quiz score.

 numerator df 20 denominator df 21

a)

DFG =k-1=2

DFE =N-k=3*30-3=87

DFT =N-1=90-1=89

Ho:All groups have the same mean cholesterol level.

Ha:   At least one group has a different mean cholesterol level.

numerator df =2

denominator df =87

b)

DFG =k-1=2

DFE =N-k=95-3=92

DFT =N-1=95-1=94

Ho:All groups have the same mean rating

Ha:   At least one group has a different mean rating.

numerator df =2

denominator df =92

c)

DFG =k-1=2

DFE =N-k=42-3=39

DFT =N-1=42-1=41

Ho: All groups have the same mean quiz score.

Ha:   At least one group has a different mean quiz score.

numerator df =2

denominator df =39