In Linear Regression, reference class is the class by which we compare other predictors (variables) .
We can say that, it's a benchmark (Or threshold) set for testing other variables.
A ‘reference’ category is so named and identified as a category of comparison for the other categories. In other words, the other categories are compared to the reference.
Strategies for Choosing the Reference Category in Dummy Coding
Strategy 1: Use the normative category. In many cases, the most logical or important comparisons are to the most normative group. ...
Strategy 2: Use the largest category. ...
Strategy 3: Use the category whose mean is in the middle, or conversely, at one of the ends.
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