Question

A city wants to know if a new advertising campaign to make citizens aware of the dangers of driving after drinking has been effective. The accompanying table shows the number of drivers who have been stopped with more alcohol in their systems than the law allows for each day of the week in the week before and the week a month after the campaign starts. Assume that the data from each population is Normally distributed. Complete parts a through i below.

Day of the Week |
Before |
After |

M | 10 | 1 |

T | 11 | 5 |

W | 3 | 4 |

Th | 10 | 4 |

F | 8 | 8 |

S | 13 | 7 |

Su | 6 | 6 |

) Are the data paired? Explain.

Choose the correct answer below.

A.

No, they are not paired because the drivers are independent of each other.

B.Yes, because the before counts were compared to the counts after the

advertisement.

C.Yes, because each day of the week was compared before and after the

advertisement.

b) Compute the mean difference.

Find the mean difference of

(beforeminus−after).

d overbardequals=nothing

drivers

(Round to three decimal places as needed.)

c) Compute the standard deviation of the differences.

s Subscript dsdequals=nothing

(Round to three decimal places as needed.)

d) Compute the standard error of the mean difference.

SE left parenthesis d overbar right parenthesisSEdequals=nothing

(Round to three decimal places as needed.)

e) Find the value of the t-statistic.

tequals=nothing

(Round to three decimal places as needed.)

f) How many degrees of freedom does the t-statistic have?

dfequals=nothing

g) Is the alternative one- or two-sided? Explain.

Choose the correct answer below.

A.

It is two-sided, because the city wants want to know if the advertisement changed the number of drunk drivers.

B.

It is two-sided, because the city wants to know if the advertisement lowers the number of drunk drivers.

C.

It is one-sided, because the city wants to know if the advertisement changed the number of drunk drivers.

D.

It is one-sided, because the city wants to know if the advertisement lowers the number of drunk drivers.

h) What is the P-value associated with this t-statistic? Assume that the other assumptions and conditions for inference are met.

P-valueequals=nothing

(Round to three decimal places as needed.)

i) At

alphaαequals=0.100.10,

what do you conclude?

▼

Reject

Fail to reject

Upper H 0H0.

There

▼

is not

is

sufficient evidence to conclude that the advertising lowered the mean number of drunk drivers on the road

Answer #1

A city wants to know if a new advertising campaign to make
citizens aware of the dangers of driving after drinking has been
effective. They count the number of drivers who have been stopped
with more alcohol in their systems than the law allows for each day
of the week in the week before and the week a month after the
campaign starts. Let Di be the difference between the
number of drivers caught with excessive alcohol in their systems...

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