19. Suppose your firm is considering two mutually exclusive, required projects with the cash flows shown below. The required rate of return on projects of both of their risk class is 10 percent, and that the maximum allowable payback and discounted payback statistic for the projects are 2 and 3 years, respectively.
Time: | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 |
Project A Cash Flow | -32,000 | 22,000 | 42,000 | 13,000 |
Project B Cash Flow | -42,000 | 22,000 | 8,000 | 62,000 |
Use the payback decision rule to evaluate these projects; which
one(s) should it be accepted or rejected?
Payback Period for PROJECT-A
Year |
Annual cash flows ($) |
Cumulative Annual cash flows ($) |
0 |
-32,000 |
-32,000 |
1 |
22,000 |
-10,000 |
2 |
42,000 |
32,000 |
3 |
13,000 |
45,000 |
Payback Period for Project-A = Years before full recover + (Unrecovered cash inflow at start of the year/cash flow during the year)
= 1.00 Years + ($10,000 / $42,000)
= 1.00 Years + 0.24 Years
= 1.24 Years
Payback Period for PROJECT-B
Year |
Annual cash flows ($) |
Cumulative Annual cash flows ($) |
0 |
-42,000 |
-42,000 |
1 |
22,000 |
-20,000 |
2 |
8,000 |
-12,000 |
3 |
62,000 |
50,000 |
Payback Period for Project-B = Years before full recover + (Unrecovered cash inflow at start of the year/cash flow during the year)
= 2.00 Years + ($12,000 / $62,000)
= 2.00 Years + 0.19 Years
= 2.19 Years
DECISION
“Accept A, reject B”, The firm should Accept A, reject B, since the Payback Period for the Project-A (1.24 Years) is less than the maximum allowable payback period of 2.00 Years and the Payback period Project-B (2.19 Years) is greater than the maximum allowable payback period of 2.00 Years .
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