Question

A certain weak acid, HA, has a Ka value of 3.5×10−7. Part A Calculate the percent...

A certain weak acid, HA, has a Ka value of 3.5×10−7.

Part A

Calculate the percent ionization of HA in a 0.10 M solution.

Express your answer to two significant figures and include the appropriate units.


Part B

Calculate the percent ionization of HA in a 0.010 M solution.

Express your answer to two significant figures, and include the appropriate units.

Homework Answers

Answer #1

A)

HA dissociates as:

HA -----> H+ + A-

0.1 0 0

0.1-x x x

Ka = [H+][A-]/[HA]

Ka = x*x/(c-x)

Assuming x can be ignored as compared to c

So, above expression becomes

Ka = x*x/(c)

so, x = sqrt (Ka*c)

x = sqrt ((3.5*10^-7)*0.1) = 1.871*10^-4

since c is much greater than x, our assumption is correct

so, x = 1.871*10^-4 M

% dissociation = (x*100)/c

= 1.871*10^-4*100/0.1

= 0.1871 %

Answer: 0.18 %

B)

HA dissociates as:

HA -----> H+ + A-

1*10^-2 0 0

1*10^-2-x x x

Ka = [H+][A-]/[HA]

Ka = x*x/(c-x)

Assuming x can be ignored as compared to c

So, above expression becomes

Ka = x*x/(c)

so, x = sqrt (Ka*c)

x = sqrt ((3.5*10^-7)*1*10^-2) = 5.916*10^-5

since c is much greater than x, our assumption is correct

so, x = 5.916*10^-5 M

% dissociation = (x*100)/c

= 5.916*10^-5*100/0.01

= 0.5916 %

Answer: 0.59 %

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