Question

Happy Times, Inc., wants to expand its party stores into the Southeast. In order to establish...

Happy Times, Inc., wants to expand its party stores into the Southeast. In order to establish an immediate presence in the area, the company is considering the purchase of the privately held Joe’s Party Supply. Happy Times currently has debt outstanding with a market value of $130 million and a YTM of 10 percent. The company’s market capitalization is $350 million and the required return on equity is 15 percent. Joe’s currently has debt outstanding with a market value of $30 million. The EBIT for Joe’s next year is projected to be $17 million. EBIT is expected to grow at 7 percent per year for the next five years before slowing to 5 percent in perpetuity. Increases in net working capital, capital spending, and depreciation as a percentage of EBIT are expected to be 6 percent, 12 percent, and 5 percent, respectively. Joe’s has 2.3 million shares outstanding and the tax rate for both companies is 35 percent.

a.

What is the maximum share price that Happy Times should be willing to pay for Joe’s? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answer to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.)

b. After examining your analysis, the CFO of Happy Times is uncomfortable using the perpetual growth rate in cash flows. Instead, she feels that the terminal value should be estimated using the EV/EBITDA multiple. The appropriate EV/EBITDA multiple is 9. What is your new estimate of the maximum share price for the purchase? (Do not round intermediate calculations and round your answer to 2 decimal places, e.g., 32.16.)

Homework Answers

Answer #1

Ans:

(a) Maximum Share Price:

Year EBIT

[email protected]%

EBIT-Tax

Depreciation

(8% of EBIT)

Increase in NWC

(6% of EBIT)

Capital Spending

(12% of EBIT)

FCF

(EBIT+ Dep-Increase in NWC-Capital spending)

1 $17.00 $5.95 $11.05 $1.36 $1.02 $2.04 $9.35
2 $18.19 $6.37 $11.82 $1.46 $1.09 $2.18 $10.01
3 $19.46 $6.81 $12.65 $1.56 $1.17 $2.34 $10.70
4 $20.82 $7.29 $13.53 $1.67 $1.25 $2.50 $11.45
5 $22.28 $7.80 $14.48 $1.72 $1.34 $2.67 $12.19
TOTAL $53.70

(b) Market Price Per share using the EV/EBITDA multiple:

PVF @ 12.76% Present Value
Free Cash Flow 1 $9.35 0.887 $8.29
Free Cash Flow 2 $10.01 0.786 $7.87
Free Cash Flow 3 $10.70 0.697 $7.46
Free Cash Flow 4 $11.45 0.619 $7.09

Firm Value at year 5

(EBIT of 5th year + Dep of 5th year) * 9 i.e multiple given

$216 0.549 $118.58
Firm Value $149.29
Less: Outstanding Debt ($30)
Value of Equity $119.29
No of Shares 2.3
Market Price per Share ($119.29/2.3) $51.87

Cost of capital:

Debt + Equity = $130 + $350 =$480

After tax cost of debt = 10-35% = 6.5%

Return on equity = 15%

Cost of capital = ($130/$480 * 6.5%) + ($350/$480 *15%) = 12.70%

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