Question

Millco, Inc., acquired a machine that cost $470,000 early in 2016. The machine is expected to last for tenth years, and its estimated salvage value at the end of its life is $67,000.

**a.** Using straight-line depreciation, calculate
the depreciation expense to be recognized in the first year of the
machine's life and calculate the accumulated depreciation after the
sixth year of the machine's life.

**b.** Using declining-balance depreciation at
twice the straight-line rate, calculate the depreciation expense
for the third year of the machine's life.

**c.** What will be the net book value of the
machine at the end of its tenth year of use before it is disposed
of, under each depreciation method?

Answer #1

a.

Depreciation expense to be recognized in the first year = ($470,000 - $67,000) / 10 = $40,300

Accumulated depreciation after the sixth year = $40,300 x 6 = $241,800

b.

Declining-balance depreciation rate = 2/10 = 20%

Depreciation expense for first year = 470,000 x 20% = $94,000

Depreciation expense for second year = (470,000 - 94,000) x 20% = $75,200

Depreciation expense for the third year = (470,000 - 94,000 - 75,200) x 20% = $60,160

c.

The book value at the end of its tenth year of use before it is disposed of, under each depreciation method will be equal to the estimated salvage value that is $67,000.

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