Question

# In the following problem, check that it is appropriate to use the normal approximation to the...

In the following problem, check that it is appropriate to use the normal approximation to the binomial. Then use the normal distribution to estimate the requested probabilities. Do you try to pad an insurance claim to cover your deductible? About 38% of all U.S. adults will try to pad their insurance claims! Suppose that you are the director of an insurance adjustment office. Your office has just received 140 insurance claims to be processed in the next few days. Find the following probabilities. (Round your answers to four decimal places.)

(a) half or more of the claims have been padded (b) fewer than 45 of the claims have been padded  (c) from 40 to 64 of the claims have been padded (d) more than 80 of the claims have not been padded

Note: I mainly need help with a step by step on how to do it. I get lost after the Z score and don't know how it's found.

p = 0.38
n = 140

SE = sqrt(0.38 * 0.62/140) = 0.0410

P(pcap > 0.5)
= P(z > (0.5 - 0.38)/0.0410))
= P(z > 2.9268)
= 0.0017
(Excel function =1-NORM.DIST(2.9268,0,1,TRUE))

b)
P(pcap < 45/140)
= P(z < (0.3214 - 0.38)/0.0410))
= P(z < -1.4293)
= 0.0765
(Excel function =NORM.DIST(-1.4293,0,1,TRUE))

c)
P(0.2857 < pcap < 0.4571)
= P((0.2857 - 0.38)/0.0410) < z < (0.4571 - 0.38)/0.0410))
= P(-2.3 < z < 1.8805)
= P(z < 1.8805) - P(z < -2.3)
= 0.9700 - 0.0107
= 0.9593
(Excel function =NORM.DIST(1.8805,0,1,TRUE) -NORM.DIST(-2.3,0,1,TRUE) )

d)
P(pcap > 0.5714)
= P(z > (0.5714 - 0.38)/0.0410))
= P(z > 4.6683)
= 0.000
(Excel function =1-NORM.DIST(4.6683,0,1,TRUE))

You can use z-table to find the probabilities, i use excel