Kuya conducted a study to see if, among smokers, that there is a significant difference in the sense of smoking urge between individuals in various levels of administration. To measure the urge to smoke, the Chronic Habit Obliging Killer Emphysema (CHOKE) test was used. Type of profession was categorized to Upper Management, Middle Management, and Lower Management. The higher the score, the stronger the urge. Is there a significant difference in their urge?
UPPER 
MIDDLE 
LOWER 
44 
47 
31 
45 
48 
32 
50 
43 
36 
50 
40 
39 
49 
50 
36 
49 
49 
37 
46 
46 
33 
46 
45 
26 
42 
44 
32 
40 
46 
35 
44 
43 
26 
45 
36 
34 
43 
30 

50 
37 

42 
38 

37 
40 

36 
32 

37 
30 

50 
36 

46 
38 

48 
40 

44 
37 

43 
37 

44 
27 

41 
28 

35 
25 

50 
39 

38 
37 

35 
31 

25 

36 

29 

26 

36 

39 

37 

40 

38 

25 

37 

26 

36 

31 

29 
The appropriate test for this problem is:
The obtained statistic value is:
The associated p value is:
Decision is:
Conclusion is:
The appropriate test for this problem is:
d) oneway ANOVA
Data Summary  

Groups  N  Mean  Std. Dev.  Std. Error  
Upper  12  45.8333  3.1861  0.9198  
Middle  29  43.3103  4.8778  0.9058  
Lower  44  33.3864  4.8427  0.7301 
ANOVA Summary  

Source  Degrees of Freedom DF 
Sum of Squares SS 
Mean Square MS 
FStat  PValue 
Between Groups  2  2466.8364  1233.4182  56.6203  0 
Within Groups  82  1786.2906  21.784  
Total:  84  4253.127 
The obtained statistic value is:
d) 56.62
The associated p value is:
d) < .0001
Decision is:
a) reject the null
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