Question

# It is known that 15% of the population is afraid of being alone at night. If...

It is known that 15% of the population is afraid of being alone at night. If a random sample of 20 Americans is selected, what is the probability that :

a. Exactly 6 of them are afraid?

b. Less than 2 of them are afraid?

c. At least 1 of them is afraid?

d. What is the standard deviation for the number of people that are afraid?

a)

Here, n = 20, p = 0.15, (1 - p) = 0.85 and x = 6
As per binomial distribution formula P(X = x) = nCx * p^x * (1 - p)^(n - x)

We need to calculate P(X = 6)
P(X = 6) = 20C6 * 0.15^6 * 0.85^14
P(X = 6) = 0.0454

b)

Here, n = 20, p = 0.15, (1 - p) = 0.85 and x = 2
As per binomial distribution formula P(X = x) = nCx * p^x * (1 - p)^(n - x)

We need to calculate P(X <= 2).
P(X <2) = (20C0 * 0.15^0 * 0.85^20) + (20C1 * 0.15^1 * 0.85^19)
P(X <2) = 0.0388 + 0.1368
P(X < 2) = 0.1756

c)

Here, n = 20, p = 0.15, (1 - p) = 0.85 and x = 1
As per binomial distribution formula P(X = x) = nCx * p^x * (1 - p)^(n - x)

We need to calculate P(X >= 1).

We need to calculate P(X <= 0).
P(X <= 0) = (20C0 * 0.15^0 * 0.85^20)
P(X <= 0) = 0.0388
P(X <= 0) = 0.0388

P(X>=1) = 1- P(x< =0)
=1 - 0.0388
= 0.9612

d)
std.dev = sqrt(npq)
=sqrt(20 * 0.15 * 0.85)
= 1.5969

c)

#### Earn Coins

Coins can be redeemed for fabulous gifts.