Question

# In the following problem, check that it is appropriate to use the normal approximation to the...

In the following problem, check that it is appropriate to use the normal approximation to the binomial. Then use the normal distribution to estimate the requested probabilities.

What are the chances that a person who is murdered actually knew the murderer? The answer to this question explains why a lot of police detective work begins with relatives and friends of the victim! About 68% of people who are murdered actually knew the person who committed the murder.† Suppose that a detective file in New Orleans has 61 current unsolved murders. Find the following probabilities. (Round your answers to four decimal places.)

1) fewer than 30 victims did not know their murderers

2) more than 20 victims did not know their murderers

This is a binomial distribution question with
n = 61
p = 0.32
q = 1 - p = 0.68
This binomial distribution can be approximated as Normal distribution since
np > 5 and nq > 5
Since we know that

a) x = 30
P(x < 30.0)=?

z = 2.8765
This implies that
P(x < 30.0) = P(z < 2.8765) = 0.998
b) x = 20
P(x > 20.0)=?

z = 0.1317
This implies that
P(x > 20.0) = P(z > 0.1317) =0.4476

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