A question of medical interest is whether jogging leads to a reduction in systolic blood pressure. To learn about this question, eight nonjogging volunteers have agreed to begin a 1-month jogging program. At the end of the month their blood pressures were determined and compared with earlier values, with the following data resulting:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | |
Blood pressure before | 134 | 122 | 118 | 130 | 144 | 125 | 127 | 133 |
Blood pressure after | 130 | 120 | 123 | 127 | 138 | 121 | 132 | 135 |
(a) Suppose you want to see if these data are significant enough to prove that jogging for 1 month will tend to reduce the systolic blood pressure. Give the null and alternative hypotheses.
(b) Do the data prove the hypothesis in (a) at the 5 percent level of significance?
(c) Do the data prove that the hypothesis is false?
(d) How would you present the results of this experiment to a medical
person who is not trained in statistics?
a) Claim : We need to test if jogging for 1 month will tend to reduce the systolic blood pressure.
The hypothesis are,
H0: = 0 v/s H1: < 0
b) The test statistic is,
Before | After | d = After - Before |
134 | 130 | -4 |
122 | 120 | -2 |
118 | 123 | 5 |
130 | 127 | -3 |
144 | 138 | -6 |
125 | 121 | -4 |
127 | 132 | 5 |
133 | 135 | 2 |
From data we get : n = 8, = -0.875, = 4.291
So,
= -0.577
df = n-1 = 8-1 = 7 , = 0.05
The critical value =
Here calculated value of t < critical value of t
Hence we failed to reject null hypothesis.
Conclusion : At the 5% of significance, there are enough evidence to prove the null hypothesis.
c) Data does not prove that hypothesis is false.
d) A person who is not trained in statistic, can conclude that jogging for 1 month will tend to reduce the systolic blood pressure.
Get Answers For Free
Most questions answered within 1 hours.