Question

# Two random samples are taken, one from among first-year students and the other from among fourth-year...

Two random samples are taken, one from among first-year students and the other from among fourth-year students at a public university. Both samples are asked if they favor modifying the student Honor Code. A summary of the sample sizes and number of each group answering yes'' are given below:

First-Years (Pop. 1):Fourth-Years (Pop. 2):n1=82,n2=84,x1=47x2=47

Is there evidence, at an α=0.035 level of significance, to conclude that there is a difference in proportions between first-years and fourth-years? Carry out an appropriate hypothesis test, filling in the information requested.

A. The value of the standardized test statistic:

Note: For the next part, your answer should use interval notation. An answer of the form (−∞,a) is expressed (-infty, a), an answer of the form (b,∞) is expressed (b, infty), and an answer of the form (−∞,a)∪(b,∞) is expressed (-infty, a)U(b, infty).

B. The rejection region for the standardized test statistic:

C. The p-value is

D. Your decision for the hypothesis test:

A. Reject H1.
B. Do Not Reject H0.
C. Reject H0.
D. Do Not Reject H1.

The statistical software output for this problem is:

Two sample proportion summary hypothesis test:
p1 : proportion of successes for population 1
p2 : proportion of successes for population 2
p1 - p2 : Difference in proportions
H0 : p1 - p2 = 0
HA : p1 - p2 ≠ 0

Hypothesis test results:

Difference Count1 Total1 Count2 Total2 Sample Diff. Std. Err. Z-Stat P-value
p1 - p2 47 82 47 84 0.013646922 0.076935993 0.17738021 0.8592

Hence,

A) Test statistic = 0.1774

B) Rejection region: (-infty, -2.1084) U (2.1084, infty)

C) p -Value = 0.8592

D) Do not reject Ho

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