Question

# In a random sample of 830 adults in the U.S.A., it was found that 84 of...

In a random sample of 830 adults in the U.S.A., it was found that 84 of those had a pinworm infestation. You want to find the 95% confidence interval for the proportion of all U.S. adults with pinworm.

(a) What is the point estimate for the proportion of all U.S. adults with pinworm? Round your answer to 3 decimal places.

(b) What is the critical value of z (denoted zα/2) for a 95% confidence interval? Use the value from the table or, if using software, round to 2 decimal places.
zα/2 =

(c) What is the margin of error (E) for a 95% confidence interval? Round your answer to 3 decimal places.
E =

(d) Construct the 95% confidence interval for the proportion of all U.S. adults with pinworm. Round your answers to 3 decimal places.
< p <

(e) Based on your answer to part (d), are you 95% confident that more than 6% of all U.S. adults have pinworm?

Yes, because 0.06 is above the lower limit of the confidence interval.

No, because 0.06 is above the lower limit of the confidence interval.    Yes, because 0.06 is below the lower limit of the confidence interval.

No, because 0.06 is below the lower limit of the confidence interval.

(f) In Sludge County, the proportion of adults with pinworm is found to be 0.16. Based on your answer to (d), does Sludge County's pinworm infestation rate appear to be greater than the national average?

Yes, because 0.16 is below the upper limit of the confidence interval.

No, because 0.16 is below the upper limit of the confidence interval.    No, because 0.16 is above the upper limit of the confidence interval.

Yes, because 0.16 is above the upper limit of the confidence interval.

(a)

Point estimate for the proportion of all U.S. adults with pinworm = = 84 / 830 = 0.101

(b)

Critical value of Z for a 95% confidence interval :

(c)

Margin of error (E) for a 95% confidence interval :

(d)

95% confidence interval for the proportion of all U.S. adults with pinworm :

(e)

Correct option : Yes, because 0.06 is below the lower limit of the confidence interval.

(f)

Correct option : Yes, because 0.16 is above the upper limit of the confidence interval.

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