Question

How can I use R to enter a data set, along with the probability for each data point, and find the expected values for each?

Answer #1

Lets consider the random variable X taking value x=0,1,2,3,4,5 with respective probabilities p=0.1,0.2,0.3,0.1,0.2,0.1

### By using r command we enter the data set as follows.

> x=c(0,1,2,3,4,5)#####command to read value of random
variable

> x

[1] 0 1 2 3 4 5

> p=c(0.1,0.2,0.3,0.1,0.2,0.1)#####command to read
probabilities

> p

[1] 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1

> cbind(x,p)#####command to make probability distribution
table

x p

[1,] 0 0.1

[2,] 1 0.2

[3,] 2 0.3

[4,] 3 0.1

[5,] 4 0.2

[6,] 5 0.1

> sum(x*p)####command to obtain expected value

[1] 2.4

Since we know that the expected value of a random variable X
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