According to an article in Newsweek, the natural ratio
of girls to boys is 100:105. In China, the birth ratio is 100:114
(46.7% girls). Suppose you don't believe the reported figures of
the percent of girls born in China. You conduct a study. In this
study, you count the number of girls and boys born in 150 randomly
chosen recent births. There are 64 girls and 86 boys born of the
150. Based on your study, do you believe that the percent of girls
born in China is 46.7? Conduct a hypothesis test at the 5%
level.
Note: If you are using a Student's t-distribution for the
problem, you may assume that the underlying population is normally
distributed. (In general, you must first prove that assumption,
though.)
Part (a)
State the null hypothesis.H_{0}:
p = 0.467H_{0}:
p ≠ 0.467H_{0}:
p ≥ 0.467H_{0}:
p ≤ 0.467Part (b)
State the alternative hypothesis.H_{a}:
p = 0.467H_{a}:
p > 0.467H_{a}:
p < 0.467H_{a}:
p ≠ 0.467Part (c)
In words, state what your random variable P' represents.P' represents the ratio of girls to boys in China.P' represents the percent of boys born in China. P' represents the number of girls born in China.P' represents the percent of girls born in China.
Part (d)
State the distribution to use for the test. (Round your answers to four decimal places.)Part (e)
What is the test statistic? (If using the z
distribution round your answers to two decimal places, and if using
the t distribution round your answers to three decimal
places.)
---Select--- t z =
Part (f)
What is the p-value? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)H_{0}
is true, then there is a chance equal to the p-value that the sample ratio is not 64 out of 150 or less OR 76 out of 150 or more. IfH_{0}
is false, then there is a chance equal to the p-value that the sample ratio is 64 out of 150 or less OR 76 out of 150 or more. IfH_{0}
is true, then there is a chance equal to the p-value that the sample ratio is 64 out of 150 or less OR 76 out of 150 or more.IfH_{0}
is false, then there is a chance equal to the p-value that the sample ratio is not 64 out of 150 or less OR 76 out of 150 or more.Part (g)
Sketch a picture of this situation. Label and scale the horizontal axis and shade the region(s) corresponding to the p-value.Part (h)
Indicate the correct decision ("reject" or "do not reject" the null hypothesis), the reason for it, and write an appropriate conclusion.(i) Alpha (Enter an exact number as an integer, fraction, or decimal.)reject the null hypothesisdo not reject the null hypothesis
Since α < p-value, we reject the null hypothesis.Since α > p-value, we do not reject the null hypothesis. Since α > p-value, we reject the null hypothesis.Since α < p-value, we do not reject the null hypothesis.
There is sufficient evidence to conclude that the percent of girls born in China is not equal to 46.7%.There is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the percent of girls born in China is not equal to 46.7%.
Part (i)
Construct a 95% confidence interval for the true proportion. Sketch the graph of the situation. Label the point estimate and the lower and upper bounds of the confidence interval. (Round your answers to four decimal places.)(c) P' represents the percent of girls born in
China.
(h) (i) 0.05.
(ii) do not reject the null hypothesis.
(iii) Since α < p-value, we do not reject the
null hypothesis.
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