A number of reports in the medical literature suggest that the season of birth and the incidence of schizophrenia may be related, with a higher proportion of schizophrenics being born during the early months of the year. A study (78) following up on this hypothesis looked at 5139 persons born in England or Wales during the years 1921–1955 who were admitted to a psychiatric ward with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Of these 5139, 1383 were born in the first quarter of the year. Based on census figures in the two countries, the expected number of persons, out of a random 5139, who would be born in the first quarter is 1292.1. Do an appropriate χ2 test with α = 0.05.
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