Question

# A government official is in charge of allocating social programs throughout the city of Vancouver. He...

A government official is in charge of allocating social programs throughout the city of Vancouver. He will decide where these social outreach programs should be located based on the percentage of residents living below the poverty line in each region of the city. He takes a simple random sample of 127 people living in Gastown and finds that 22 have an annual income that is below the poverty line.

Use the sample data to compute a 95% confidence interval for the true proportion of Gastown residents living below the poverty line.

95% confidence interval = ( , )

Solution :

Given that,

Point estimate = sample proportion = = x / n = 22 / 127 = 0.173228

1 - = 1 - 0.173228 =0.826772

Z /2 = Z0.025 = 1.96

Margin of error = E = Z / 2 * (( * (1 - )) / n)

= 1.96 * ( ((0.173228 * 0.826772) /127 )

= 0.065820

A 95% confidence interval for population proportion p is , - E < p < + E

0.173228 - 0.065820 < p < 0.173228 + 0.065820

0.107 < p < 0.239

95% confidence interval =( 0.107 ,0.239 )

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