Question

# A pharmaceutical company claims that its new drug reduces systolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure...

A pharmaceutical company claims that its new drug reduces systolic blood pressure. The systolic blood pressure (in millimeters of mercury) for nine patients before taking the new drug and 2 hours after taking the drug are shown in the table below. Is there enough evidence to support the company's claim?

Let d=(blood pressure before taking new drug)−(blood pressure after taking new drug)d=(blood pressure before taking new drug)−(blood pressure after taking new drug). Use a significance level of α=0.01 for the test. Assume that the systolic blood pressure levels are normally distributed for the population of patients both before and after taking the new drug.

Patient   Blood pressure (before)   Blood pressure (after)
1   167   152
2   194   187
3   148   141
4   181   166
5   201   184
6   167   148
7   204   190
8   179   161
9   163   148

Step 1 of 5: State the null and alternative hypotheses for the test.

Step 2 of 5: Find the value of the standard deviation of the paired differences. Round your answer to one decimal place.

Step 3 of 5: Compute the value of the test statistic. Round your answer to three decimal places.

Step 4 of 5: Determine the decision rule for rejecting the null hypothesis H0. Round the numerical portion of your answer to three decimal places.

Step 5 of 5: Make the decision for the hypothesis test. (Reject or Fail to Reject Null Hypothesis)

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