Question

# Absentee rates - Friday vs Wednesday: We want to test whether or not more students are...

Absentee rates - Friday vs Wednesday: We want to test whether or not more students are absent on Friday afternoon classes than on Wednesday afternoon classes. In a random sample of 302 students with Friday afternoon classes, 48 missed the class. In a different random sample of 307 students with Wednesday afternoon classes, 30 missed the class. The table below summarizes this information. The standard error (SE) is given to save calculation time if you are not using software.

Data Summary

 total number total number Proportion Day of absences (x) of students (n) p̂ = (x/n) Friday 48 302 0.15894 Wednesday 30 307 0.09772

SE = 0.02708

The Test: Test the claim that the absentee rate on all Friday afternoon classes is greater than the absentee rate on all Wednesday afternoon classes. Use a 0.05 significance level.
(a) Letting p̂1 be the absentee rate from the sample on Friday and p̂2 be the rate from Wednesday, calculate the test statistic using software or the formulaz =

 (p̂1 − p̂2) − δp SE

where δp is the hypothesized difference in proportions from the null hypothesis and the standard error (SE) given with the data. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.
z = ?
To account for hand calculations -vs- software, your answer must be within 0.01 of the true answer.

(b) Use software or the z-table to get the P-value of the test statistic. Round to 4 decimal places.
P-value = ?

(c) What is the conclusion regarding the null hypothesis?

reject H0

fail to reject H0

(d) Choose the appropriate concluding statement.

The data supports the claim that the absentee rate on all Friday afternoon classes is greater than the absentee rate on all Wednesday afternoon classes.

There is not enough data to support the claim that the absentee rate on all Friday afternoon classes is greater than the absentee rate on all Wednesday afternoon classes.

We have proven that the absentee rate on all Friday afternoon classes is greater than the absentee rate on all Wednesday afternoon classes.

We reject the claim that the absentee rate on all Friday afternoon classes is greater than the absentee rate on all Wednesday afternoon classes.

Ans a ) using minitab stat>basic stat>two sample proportion

we have

Test and CI for Two Proportions

Sample X N Sample p
1 48 302 0.158940
2 30 307 0.097720

Difference = p (1) - p (2)
Estimate for difference: 0.0612205
95% lower bound for difference: 0.0167838
Test for difference = 0 (vs > 0): Z = 2.26 P-Value = 0.0119

Ans a )  p̂1 be the absentee rate from the sample on Friday and p̂2 be the rate from Wednesday

from the output , (p̂1 − p̂2) = 0.06

standard error (SE) = 0.03

the test statistic z = 2.36

b ) p value is 0.0119

c ) since p value is less than 0.05 so reject H0.

d )The data supports the claim that the absentee rate on all Friday afternoon classes is greater than the absentee rate on all Wednesday afternoon classes.

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