Question

# Table 1 below shows results obtained in a new screening test for diabetes. 10,000 people were...

Table 1 below shows results obtained in a new screening test for diabetes. 10,000 people were screened. The cut-off level employed was 180mg of blood glucose per 100 ml. Everyone scoring above this level was classified as positive for diabetes. Everyone scoring below this level was classified as negative for diabetes. These results were compared to a “gold standard” test for diabetes that is considered to be completely valid. Compute and interpret the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of the new screening test.

Table 1.

 "Gold-Standard" Test Screening Disease No Disease Total Positive 125 25 150 Negative 375 9475 9850 Total 500 9500 10000
1. Calculate the following measures for this screening test:

Sensitivity =

Specificity =

PPV =

NPV =

Answer: Table 1 below shows results obtained in a new screening test for diabetes. 10,000 people were screened. The cut-off level employed was 180mg of blood glucose per 100 ml. Everyone scoring above this level was classified as positive for diabetes. Everyone scoring below this level was classified as negative for diabetes.

Solution:

a)

Sensitivity = (True positive / Total disease)*100

Sensitivity = (125/500)*100

Sensitivity = 25%

Specificity = (True negative/Total no disease)*100

Specificity = (9475/9500)*100

Specificity = 99.7368% = 99.74%

PPV = (True positive/Total test positive)*100

PPV = (125/150)*100

PPV = 83.33%

NPV = (True negative/Total test negative)*100

NPV = (9475/9850)*100

NPV = 96.1929% = 96.20%

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