Question

It is thought that basketball teams that make too many fouls in a game tend to lose the game even if they otherwise play well. Let x be the number of fouls more than (i.e., over and above) the opposing team. Let y be the percentage of times the team with the larger number of fouls wins the game. x 1 2 5 6 y 51 45 33 26 Complete parts (a) through (e), given Σx = 14, Σy = 155, Σx2 = 66, Σy2 = 6391, Σxy = 462, and r ≈ −0.995. (a) Draw a scatter diagram displaying the data. Selection Tool Line Ray Segment Circle Vertical Parabola Horizontal Parabola Point No Solution Help 12345678510152025303540455055 Clear Graph Delete Layer Fill WebAssign Graphing Tool Graph LayersToggle Open/Closed After you add an object to the graph you can use Graph Layers to view and edit its properties. (b) Verify the given sums Σx, Σy, Σx2, Σy2, Σxy, and the value of the sample correlation coefficient r. (Round your value for r to three decimal places.) Σx = Σy = Σx2 = Σy2 = Σxy = r = (c) Find x, and y. Then find the equation of the least-squares line y hat = a + bx. (Round your answers for x and y to two decimal places. Round your answers for a and b to three decimal places.) x = y = y hat = + x (d) Graph the least-squares line. Be sure to plot the point (x, y) as a point on the line. WebAssign Plot WebAssign Plot WebAssign Plot WebAssign Plot (e) Find the value of the coefficient of determination r2. What percentage of the variation in y can be explained by the corresponding variation in x and the least-squares line? What percentage is unexplained? (Round your answer for r2 to three decimal places. Round your answers for the percentages to one decimal place.) r2 = explained % unexplained % (f) If a team had x = 4 fouls over and above the opposing team, what does the least-squares equation forecast for y? (Round your answer to two decimal places.) %

Answer #1

Part a)

X | Y | X * Y | X2 | Y2 | |

1 | 51 | 51 | 1 | 2601 | |

2 | 45 | 90 | 4 | 2025 | |

5 | 33 | 165 | 25 | 1089 | |

6 | 26 | 156 | 36 | 676 | |

Total | 14 | 155 | 462 | 66 | 6391 |

r = -0.995

Part c)

X̅ = Σ( Xi / n ) = 14/4 = 3.5

Y̅ = Σ( Yi / n ) = 155/4 = 38.75

Equation of regression line is Ŷ = a + bX

b = ( 4 * 462 - 14 * 155 ) / ( 4 * 66 - ( 14 )2)

b = -4.735

a =( Σ Y - ( b * Σ X) ) / n

a =( 155 - ( -4.7353 * 14 ) ) / 4

a = 55.324

Equation of regression line becomes Ŷ = 55.324 - 4.735 X

Part e)

Coefficient of Determination

R2 = r2 = 0.991

Explained variation = 0.991* 100 = 99.1%

Unexplained variation = 1 - 0.991* 100 = 0.9%

Part f)

When X = 4

Ŷ = 55.324 + -4.735 X

Ŷ = 55.324 + ( -4.735 * 4 )

Ŷ = 36.38

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