Question

A study came up with a p-value of 0.042 with a significance level of 0.05. What can you conclude about the claim; would you reject the null hypothesis or fail to reject the null hypothesis?

Answer #1

Our conclusion would be to **reject the null
hypothesis**. [ANSWER]

*Explanation*:

In a hypothesis test, two cases arise:

Case I: p-value < significance level (In this case we reject the null hypothesis)

Case II: p-value > significance level (In this case we do not reject the null hypothesis)

Here, since the p-value = 0.042 < 0.05 = significance level, we reject the null hypothesis.

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