Question

# I need a detailed explanation with a formula (show work) included on how to solve this...

I need a detailed explanation with a formula (show work) included on how to solve this question:

Scenario

Office Equipment, Inc. (OEI) leases automatic mailing machines to business customers in Fort Wayne, Indiana. The company built its success on a reputation of providing timely maintenance and repair service. Each OEI service contract states that a service technician will arrive at a customer's business site within an average of 3 hours from the time that the customer notifies OEI of an equipment problem.

Currently, OEI has 10 customers with service contracts. One service technician is responsible for handling all service calls. A statistical analysis of historical service records indicates that a customer requests a service call at an average rate of one call per 50 hours of operation. If the service technician is available when a customer calls for service, it takes the technician an average of 1 hour of travel time to reach the customer's office and an average of 1.5 hours to complete the repair service. However, if the service technician is busy with another customer when a new customer calls for service, the technician completes the current service call and any other waiting service calls before responding to the new service call. In such cases, after the technician is free from all existing service commitments, the technician takes an average of 1 hour of travel time to reach the new customer's office and an average of 1.5 hours to complete the repair service. The cost of the service technician is \$80 per hour. The downtime cost (wait time and service time) for customers is \$100 per hour.

OEI is planning to expand its business. Within 1 year, OEI projects that it will have 20 customers, and within 2 years, OEI projects that it will have 30 customers. Although OEI is satisfied that one service technician can handle the 10 existing customers, management is concerned about the ability of one technician to meet the average 3-hour service call guarantee when the OEI customer base expands. In a recent planning meeting, the marketing manager made a proposal to add a second service technician when OEI reaches 20 customers and to add a third service technician when OEI reaches 30 customers. Before making a final decision, management would like an analysis of OEI service capabilities. OEI is particularly interested in meeting the average 3-hour waiting time guarantee at the lowest possible total cost.

QUESTION:

1. OEI is satisfied that one service technician can handle the 10 existing customers. Use a waiting line model to determine the following information: (a) probability that no customers are in the system, (b) average number of customers in the waiting line, (c) average number of customers in the system, (d) average time a customer waits until the service technician arrives, (e) average time a customer waits until the machine is back in operation, (f) probability that a customer will have to wait more than one hour for the service technician to arrive, and (g) the total cost per hour for the service operation

Sol:

(a).

The probability that no customers are in the system is 0.5380.

(b).

The average number of customers in the waiting line is 0.2972.

(c).

The average number of customers in the system is 1-0.2972

The average number of customers in the system = 0.7593.

(d).

The average time a customer waits until the service technician arrives is 1.6082 hours.

(e).

The average time a customer waits until the machine is back in operation is 4.1082 hours.

(f).

The probability that a customer will have to wait more than one hour for the service technician to arrive is 0.4620.

(g).

The total cost per hour for the service operation = Technician cost + downtime cost = 80*2.5 +2 .72 *100

The total cost per hour for the service operation = 292

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