A researcher is interested in whether there is a significant difference between the mean age of marriage across three racial groups. Based on the data below, answer these questions.
Race |
N |
Mean |
Black |
118 |
21.57 |
White |
882 |
24.59 |
Other |
120 |
28.39 |
All Groups |
1,120 |
24.68 |
1. Calculate the value of the between group sum of squares (SSB, 20 pts).
Race |
Y bar for each group |
Total mean |
Group mean – Total mean |
Square of the difference |
The number of cases |
Nk*Square of the difference |
Black |
21.57 |
24.68 |
||||
White |
24.59 |
24.68 |
||||
Other |
28.39 |
24.68 |
||||
Sum up= |
2. Calculate the degrees of freedom for the between group sum of squares. Then, use this quantity to calculate the mean square between (6 pts).
3. If the F statistic calculated for these data is 15.29, what is the value of the mean square within (4 pts)?
4. Following answer of #3, calculate the within group sum of squares and the number of degrees of freedom for the within group sum of squares (6 pts).
5. Imagine you are interested in whether there is a significant difference between the mean age of marriage across educational groups. If the critical value for an F statistic of 15.29 is 2.99, are these results statistically significant or not (4 pts)?
1.
Race | Y bar for each group | Total mean | Group mean – Total mean | Square of the difference | The number of cases | Nk*Square of the difference |
Black | 21.57 | 24.68 | -3.11 | 9.6721 | 118 | 1141.3078 |
White | 24.59 | 24.68 | -0.09 | 0.0081 | 882 | 7.1442 |
Other | 28.39 | 24.68 | 3.71 | 13.7641 | 120 | 1651.692 |
Sum up=2800.144 |
2. Degrees of freedom for the between group sum of squares=3-1=2
Sum of square between=SSB=2800.144
Mean square between=MSB=SSB/2= 2800.144/2=1400.072
3. F=MSB/MSW= 15.29, or, MSW=1400.072/15.29=91.5678
where MSW=mean square within=91.5678
4. The number of degrees of freedom for the within group sum of squares=1120-3= 1117
SSW=sum of square within=1117*91.5678=102281.2.
5. Yes, this is statistically significant F statistic= 15.29 >2.99.
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