Question:
Quarterly demand for flowers at a wholesaler is shown. Forecast quarterly demand for year 3 using simple exponential smoothing with α=0.1 as well as Holt’s model (double exponential smoothing) with α=0.1 and β=0.1. Which of the two methods do you prefer? Why? NOTE: for the simple exponential smoothing use 100 as the forecast for period 0.
Forecast |
Error |
|||||
Year |
Quarter |
Demand |
Exponential |
Double Exponential |
Exponential error |
Double Exponential error |
1 |
I |
98 |
||||
II |
106 |
|||||
III |
109 |
|||||
IV |
133 |
|||||
2 |
I |
134 |
||||
II |
140 |
|||||
III |
144 |
|||||
Forecast | Error | |||||
Year | Quarter | Demand | Exponential | Double | Exponential error | Double Exponential error |
Exponential | ||||||
1 | I | 98 | 98 | 98 | 0 | 0 |
II | 106 | 98 | 98 | 8 | 8 | |
III | 109 | 98.8 | 98.8 | 10.2 | 10.2 | |
IV | 133 | 99.82 | 99.82 | 33.18 | 33.18 | |
2 | I | 134 | 103.14 | 103.14 | 30.86 | 30.86 |
II | 140 | 106.22 | 106.22 | 33.78 | 33.78 | |
III | 144 | 109.60 | 109.60 | 34.40 | 34.40 |
MSE for simple exponential smoothing with α=0.1 = 649.35
MSE for double exponential smoothing with α=0.1 and β=0.1 = 649.35
Since MSE for both models is the same, we can use any model of our choice.
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