Question

Is the national crime rate really going down? Some sociologists
say yes! They say that the reason for the decline in crime rates in
the 1980s and 1990s is demographics. It seems that the population
is aging, and older people commit fewer crimes. According to the
FBI and the Justice Department, 70% of all arrests are of males
aged 15 to 34 years.† Suppose you are a sociologist in Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and a random sample of police files showed that
of 29 arrests last month, 26 were of males aged 15 to 34 years. Use
a 1% level of significance to test the claim that the population
proportion of such arrests is the city different from 70%. Solve
the problem using both the traditional method and the
*P*-value method. Since the sampling distribution of
*p̂* is the normal distribution, you can use critical values
from the standard normal distribution as shown in the table of
critical values of the *z* distribution. (Round the test
statistic and the critical value to two decimal places. Round the
*P*-value to four decimal places.)

test statistic | = | |

critical value | = ± | |

P-value |
= |

Answer #1

H0: p = 0.7

Ha: 0.7

pcap = 26/29 = 0.8966

Test statistic,

z = (0.8966 - 0.7)/sqrt(0.7*0.3/29)

z = 2.31

Here the significance level, 0.01. This is two tailed test; hence rejection region lies to the both sides. = -2.58 and = 2.58

critical values = +/- 2.58

This is two tailed test

P-value = 2*P(z > 2.31) = 0.0209

As p-value is greater than 0.01, fail to reject H0.

There is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the population
proportion of such arrests is the city different from 70%

Is the national crime rate really going down? Some sociologists
say yes! They say that the reason for the decline in crime rates in
the 1980s and 1990s is demographics. It seems that the population
is aging, and older people commit fewer crimes. According to the
FBI and the Justice Department, 70% of all arrests are of males
aged 15 to 34 years.† Suppose you are a sociologist in Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and a random sample of police files showed...

Is the national crime rate really going down? Some sociologists
say yes! They say that the reason for the decline in crime rates in
the 1980s and 1990s is demographics. It seems that the population
is aging, and older people commit fewer crimes. According to the
FBI and the Justice Department, 70% of all arrests are of males
aged 15 to 34 years.† Suppose you are a sociologist in Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and a random sample of police files showed...

Is the national crime rate really going down? Some sociologists
say yes! They say that the reason for the decline in crime rates in
the 1980s and 1990s is demographics. It seems that the population
is aging, and older people commit fewer crimes. According to the
FBI and the Justice Department, 70% of all arrests are of males
aged 15 to 34 years†. Suppose you are a sociologist in Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and a random sample of police files showed...

Is the national crime rate really going down? Some sociologists
say yes! They say that the reason for the decline in crime rates in
the 1980s and 1990s is demographics. It seems that the population
is aging, and older people commit fewer crimes. According to the
FBI and the Justice Department, 70% of all arrests are of males
aged 15 to 34 years†. Suppose you are a sociologist in Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and a random sample of police files showed...

Is the national crime rate really going down? Some sociologists
say yes! They say that the reason for the decline in crime rates in
the 1980s and 1990s is demographics. It seems that the population
is aging, and older people commit fewer crimes. According to the
FBI and the Justice Department, 70% of all arrests are of males
aged 15 to 34 years†. Suppose you are a sociologist in Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and a random sample of police files showed...

Is the national crime rate really going down? Some sociologists
say yes! They say that the reason for the decline in crime rates in
the 1980s and 1990s is demographics. It seems that the population
is aging, and older people commit fewer crimes. According to the
FBI and the Justice Department, 70% of all arrests are of males
aged 15 to 34 years.† Suppose you are a sociologist in Rock
Springs, Wyoming, and a random sample of police files showed...

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