Question

Lazurus Steel Corporation produces iron rods that are supposed
to be 36 inches long. The machine that makes these rods does not
produce each rod exactly 36 inches long. The lengths of the rods
are normally distributed and vary slightly. It is known that when
the machine is working properly, the mean length of the rods is 36
inches. The standard deviation of the lengths of all rods produced
on this machine is always equal to 0.035 inch. The quality control
department at the company takes a sample of 20 such rods every
week, calculates the mean length of these rods, and tests the null
hypothesis, **μ** =36 inches, against the alternative
hypothesis, **μ** **≠** 36 inches. If the
null hypothesis is rejected, the machine is stopped and adjusted. A
recent sample of 20 rods produced a mean length of 36.015 inches.
Calculate the p-value for this test of hypothesis. Based on this
p-value, will the quality control inspector decide to stop the
machine and adjust it if he chooses the maximum probability of a
Type I error to be 0.1? Use the normal distribution table. Round
your answer to four decimal places.

p-value =

Answer #1

where sample mean xbar is 36.015, sample size n = 20, population mean mu = 36 and standard deviation sigma = 0.035

Use normal table, find 1.9 in row and 0.02 in column, it gives us p valueof 0.0274

double the p value to get a two tailed p value

p-value
= 2*0.0274 = **0.0548**

*Reject null hypothesis as the p value is less than
significance level of 0.10, i.e. 0.0548 < 0.10*

*yes,* quality control inspector must decide to stop the
machine and adjust it

Lazurus Steel Corporation produces iron rods that are supposed
to be 36 inches long. The machine that makes these rods does not
produce each rod exactly 36 inches long. The lengths of the rods
are normally distributed and vary slightly. It is known that when
the machine is working properly, the mean length of the rods is 36
inches. The standard deviation of the lengths of all rods produced
on this machine is always equal to 0.035 inch. The quality...

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