Question

Socially conscious investors screen out stocks of alcohol and
tobacco makers, firms with poor environmental records, and
companies with poor labor practices. Some examples of "good,"
socially conscious companies are Johnson and Johnson, Dell
Computers, Bank of America, and Home Depot. The question is, are
such stocks overpriced? One measure of value is the P/E, or
price-to-earnings ratio. High P/E ratios may indicate a stock is
overpriced. For the S&P Stock Index of all major stocks, the
mean P/E ratio is *μ* = 19.4. A random sample of 36
"socially conscious" stocks gave a P/E ratio sample mean of
*x* = 17.7, with sample standard deviation *s* = 5.6.
Does this indicate that the mean P/E ratio of all socially
conscious stocks is different (either way) from the mean P/E ratio
of the S&P Stock Index? Use *α* = 0.05.

(a) What is the level of significance?

State the null and alternate hypotheses.

(b) What sampling distribution will you use? Explain the rationale
for your choice of sampling distribution.

What is the value of the sample test statistic? (Round your answer
to three decimal places.)

(c) Estimate the *P*-value.

Sketch the sampling distribution and show the area corresponding to
the *P*-value.

(d) Based on your answers in parts (a) to (c), will you reject or
fail to reject the null hypothesis? Are the data statistically
significant at level *α*?

(e) Interpret your conclusion in the context of the
application.

Answer #1

a)

0.05 is alpha

Below are the null and alternative Hypothesis,

Null Hypothesis, H0: μ = 19.4

Alternative Hypothesis, Ha: μ ≠ 19.4

b)

The students t, since the distribution is normal with unnown sigma

Test statistic,

t = (xbar - mu)/(s/sqrt(n))

t = (17.7 - 19.4)/(5.6/sqrt(36))

t = -1.821

c)

P-value Approach

P-value = 0.0772

d)

At alpha = 0.05, we fail to reject H0

e)

There is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean P/E
ratio of all socially conscious stocks is different (either way)
from the mean P/E ratio of the S&P Stock Index

Socially conscious investors screen out stocks of alcohol and
tobacco makers, firms with poor environmental records, and
companies with poor labor practices. Some examples of "good,"
socially conscious companies are Johnson and Johnson, Dell
Computers, Bank of America, and Home Depot. The question is, are
such stocks overpriced? One measure of value is the P/E, or
price-to-earnings ratio. High P/E ratios may indicate a stock is
overpriced. For the S&P Stock Index of all major stocks, the
mean P/E ratio...

Socially conscious investors screen out stocks of alcohol and
tobacco makers, firms with poor environmental records, and
companies with poor labor practices. Some examples of "good,"
socially conscious companies are Johnson and Johnson, Dell
Computers, Bank of America, and Home Depot. The question is, are
such stocks overpriced? One measure of value is the P/E, or
price-to-earnings ratio. High P/E ratios may indicate a stock is
overpriced. For the S&P Stock Index of all major stocks, the
mean P/E ratio...

Socially conscious investors screen out stocks of alcohol and
tobacco makers, firms with poor environmental records, and
companies with poor labor practices. Some examples of "good,"
socially conscious companies are Johnson and Johnson, Dell
Computers, Bank of America, and Home Depot. The question is, are
such stocks overpriced? One measure of value is the P/E, or
price-to-earnings ratio. High P/E ratios may indicate a stock is
overpriced. For the S&P Stock Index of all major stocks, the
mean P/E ratio...

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significance level to determine whether the mean P/E ratio for all
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P/E ratio of the S&P Stock Index.
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For the S&P Stock Index of all major stocks, the mean P/E
ratio is u=19.4. A random sample of 36 “socially conscious” stocks
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deviation is σ=5.2. Use a hypothesis test at the a= 0.10
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