Question

# Foot-Length (Raw Data, Software Required): It has been claimed that, on average, right-handed people have a...

Foot-Length (Raw Data, Software Required):
It has been claimed that, on average, right-handed people have a left foot that is larger than the right foot. Here we test this claim on a sample of 10 right-handed adults. The table below gives the left and right foot measurements in millimeters (mm). Test the claim at the 0.01 significance level. You may assume the sample of differences comes from a normally distributed population.

 Person Left Foot (x) Right Foot (y) 1 274 274 2 271 269 3 261 263 4 257 256 5 263 260 6 275 275 7 275 272 8 260 258 9 275 274 10 257 255

You should be able copy and paste the data directly into your software program.

(a) The claim is that the mean difference (x - y) is positive (μd > 0). What type of test is this?

This is a right-tailed test.

This is a two-tailed test.

This is a left-tailed test.

(b) What is the test statistic? Round your answer to 2 decimal places.
t

d

=

(c) What is the P-value of the test statistic? Round to 4 decimal places.
P-value =

(d) What is the conclusion regarding the null hypothesis?

reject H0

fail to reject H0

(e) Choose the appropriate concluding statement.

The data supports the claim that, on average, right-handed people have a left foot that is larger than the right foot.

There is not enough data to support the claim that, on average, right-handed people have a left foot that is larger than the right foot.

We reject the claim that, on average, right-handed people have a left foot that is larger than the right foot.

We have proven that, on average, right-handed people have a left foot that is larger than the right foot.

Solution:

(a) The claim is that the mean difference (x - y) is positive (μd > 0). What type of test is this?

This is a right-tailed test.

(b) What is the test statistic? Round your answer to 2 decimal places.

(c) What is the P-value of the test statistic? Round to 4 decimal places.

(d) What is the conclusion regarding the null hypothesis?

fail to reject H0

(e) Choose the appropriate concluding statement.

There is not enough data to support the claim that, on average, right-handed people have a left foot that is larger than the right foot.

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