Question

# The Congressional Budget Office reports that 36% of federal civilian employees have a bachelor's degree or...

The Congressional Budget Office reports that 36% of federal civilian employees have a bachelor's degree or higher (The Wall Street Journal). A random sample of 117 employees in the private sector showed that 30 have a bachelor's degree or higher. Does this indicate that the percentage of employees holding bachelor's degrees or higher in the private sector is less than in the federal civilian sector? Use α = 0.05.

What are we testing in this problem?

single meansingle proportion

What is the level of significance?

State the null and alternate hypotheses.

H0: p ≥ 0.36; H1: p < 0.36H0: μ ≥ 0.36; H1: μ < 0.36    H0: μ = 0.36; H1: μ ≠ 0.36H0: p = 0.36; H1: p ≠ 0.36H0: μ ≤ 0.36; H1: μ > 0.36H0: p ≤ 0.36; H1: p > 0.36

What sampling distribution will you use?

The Student's t.The standard normal.

What is the value of the sample test statistic? (Round your answer to two decimal places.)

Estimate the P-value.

P-value > 0.2500.125 < P-value < 0.250    0.050 < P-value < 0.1250.025 < P-value < 0.0500.005 < P-value < 0.025P-value < 0.005

Sketch the sampling distribution and show the area corresponding to the P-value.

Will you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis? Are the data statistically significant at level α?

At the α = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.At the α = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.    At the α = 0.05 level, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.At the α = 0.05 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically significant.

Interpret your conclusion in the context of the application.

There is sufficient evidence at the 0.05 level to conclude that the proportion of bachelor or higher degrees in the private sector is less than in the federal civilian sector.There is insufficient evidence at the 0.05 level to conclude that the proportion of bachelor or higher degrees in the private sector is less than in the federal civilian sector.

#### Homework Answers

Answer #1

The statistical software output for this problem is :

Single proportion

(a)

Level of significance = 0.05

Option A is correct.

(b)

The standard normal.

Test statistics = -2.33

(c)

0.005 < P-value < 0.025

(d)

Option A is correct.

(e)

Option A is correct.

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