Question

# For this problem, carry at least four digits after the decimal in your calculations. Answers may...

For this problem, carry at least four digits after the decimal in your calculations. Answers may vary slightly due to rounding.

Santa Fe black-on-white is a type of pottery commonly found at archaeological excavations at a certain monument. At one excavation site a sample of 576 potsherds was found, of which 363 were identified as Santa Fe black-on-white.

(a) Let p represent the proportion of Santa Fe black-on-white potsherds at the excavation site. Find a point estimate for p. (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

(b) Find a 95% confidence interval for p. (Round your answers to three decimal places.)

 lower limit upper limit

Give a brief statement of the meaning of the confidence interval.

a.5% of the confidence intervals created using this method would include the true proportion of potsherds.

b.95% of the confidence intervals created using this method would include the true proportion of potsherds.

c.95% of all confidence intervals would include the true proportion of potsherds.

d. 5% of all confidence intervals would include the true proportion of potsherds.

(c) Do you think that np > 5 and nq > 5 are satisfied for this problem? Explain why this would be an important consideration.

No, the conditions are not satisfied. This is important because it allows us to say that is approximately normal.

Yes, the conditions are satisfied. This is important because it allows us to say that is approximately normal.

Yes, the conditions are satisfied. This is important because it allows us to say that is approximately binomial.

No, the conditions are not satisfied. This is important because it allows us to say that is approximately binomial.

The statistical software output for this problem is:

Hence,

a) Point estimate = 0.6302

b) Lower limit = 0.591

Upper limit = 0.670

95% of the confidence intervals created using this method would include the true proportion of potsherds. Option B is correct.

c) Yes, the conditions are satisfied. This is important because it allows us to say that is approximately normal. Option B is correct.

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