Question

How hot is the air in the top (crown) of a hot air balloon?
Information from *Ballooning: The Complete Guide to Riding the
Winds*, by Wirth and Young (Random House), claims that the air
in the crown should be an average of 100°C for a balloon to be in a
state of equilibrium. However, the temperature does not need to be
exactly 100°C. What is a reasonable and safe range of temperatures?
This range may vary with the size and (decorative) shape of the
balloon. All balloons have a temperature gauge in the crown.
Suppose that 58 readings (for a balloon in equilibrium) gave a mean
temperature of *x* = 97°C. For this balloon, *σ* ≈
14°C.

(a) Compute a 95% confidence interval for the average temperature at which this balloon will be in a steady-state equilibrium. (Round your answers to one decimal place.)

lower limit | °C |

upper limit | °C |

(b) If the average temperature in the crown of the balloon goes
above the high end of your confidence interval, do you expect that
the balloon will go up or down? Explain.

It will go up because hot air will make the balloon fall.

It will go up because hot air will make the balloon rise.

It will go down because hot air will make the balloon fall.

It will go down because hot air will make the balloon rise.

Answer #1

a)

sample mean, xbar = 97

sample standard deviation, σ = 14

sample size, n = 58

Given CI level is 95%, hence α = 1 - 0.95 = 0.05

α/2 = 0.05/2 = 0.025, Zc = Z(α/2) = 1.96

ME = zc * σ/sqrt(n)

ME = 1.96 * 14/sqrt(58)

ME = 3.6

CI = (xbar - Zc * s/sqrt(n) , xbar + Zc * s/sqrt(n))

CI = (97 - 1.96 * 14/sqrt(58) , 97 + 1.96 * 14/sqrt(58))

CI = (93.4 , 100.6)

lower limit 93.4 °C

upper limit 100.6

b)

It will go up because hot air will make the balloon rise.

How hot is the air in the top (crown) of a hot air balloon?
Information from Ballooning: The Complete Guide to Riding the
Winds, by Wirth and Young (Random House), claims that the air
in the crown should be an average of 100°C for a balloon to be in a
state of equilibrium. However, the temperature does not need to be
exactly 100°C. What is a reasonable and safe range of temperatures?
This range may vary with the size and...

How hot is the air in the top (crown) of a hot air balloon?
Information from Ballooning: The Complete Guide to Riding the
Winds, by Wirth and Young (Random House), claims that the air
in the crown should be an average of 100°C for a balloon to be in a
state of equilibrium. However, the temperature does not need to be
exactly 100°C. What is a reasonable and safe range of temperatures?
This range may vary with the size and...

How hot is the air in the top (crown) of a hot air balloon?
Information from Ballooning: The Complete Guide to Riding the
Winds, by Wirth and Young (Random House), claims that the air in
the crown should be an average of 100°C for a balloon to be in a
state of equilibrium. However, the temperature does not need to be
exactly 100°C. What is a reasonable and safe range of temperatures?
This range may vary with the size and...

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