Question

# Support of Background Checks by Political Party: In April of 2013, the U.S. Senate did not...

Support of Background Checks by Political Party: In April of 2013, the U.S. Senate did not pass a bill to expand background checks to all gun sales despite popular approval of the idea. Gallup conducted a poll on this issue with the question: Would you vote for or against a law to require background checks for all gun sales?. The results by political affiliation are summarized in the contingency table below.

Observed Frequencies: Oi's

 Republican Independent Democrat Totals For Checks 284 68 317 669 Against Checks 76 12 43 131 Totals 360 80 360 800

The Test: Test for a dependent relationship between party affiliation and opinion on expanded background checks. Conduct this test at the 0.05 significance level.

(a) What is the null hypothesis for this test?

H0: Party affiliation and opinion on expanded background checks are independent variables.

H0: Party affiliation and opinion on expanded background checks are dependent variables.

(b) What is the value of the test statistic? Round to 3 decimal places unless your software automatically rounds to 2 decimal places.

χ2 =

(c) USE SOFTWARE to get the P-value of the test statistic. Round to 4 decimal places unless your software automatically rounds to 3 decimal places.
P-value =

(d) What is the conclusion regarding the null hypothesis?

reject H0

fail to reject H0

(e) Choose the appropriate concluding statement.

We have proven that opinion on expanded background checks and party affiliation are independent.

The evidence suggests that there is a dependent relationship between party affiliation and opinion on expanded background checks.

There is not enough evidence to conclude that party affiliation and opinion on expanded background checks are dependent.

This problem is the chi square test for independence of attributes by using p value.

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