A group of Maternal and Child Health public health practitioners are interested in the relationship between bacterial vaginosis (BV) and a number of health outcomes in a developing country. Suppose the research team gathers information on a group of participants, and constructs a multiple linear regression model looking at the relationship between BV and tuberculosis. The following is a computerized output displaying the results of their analysis including the following potential confounders: Race (White/African American), Poverty (dichotomized above and below the poverty line), Age at pregnancy, and Alcohol (Since pregnant, had any alcohol? Y/N). (1 pt)
Parameter |
Estimate |
Standard Error |
t Value |
Pr > |t| |
Intercept |
0.2652506938 |
0.10534055 |
2.52 |
0.0120 |
TBresult |
-.0529842698 |
0.02596828 |
-2.04 |
0.0417 |
poverty |
-.0359729022 |
0.04124888 |
-0.87 |
0.3835 |
race |
0.0742883690 |
0.03360015 |
2.21 |
0.0274 |
ageatpregnancy |
-.0042718151 |
0.00254591 |
-1.68 |
0.0939 |
alcohol |
0.0083611736 |
0.02669668 |
0.31 |
0.7542 |
B) Which potential confounders were significantly affecting the relationship between the exposure and the outcome variables?
C) Write out the model in symbols. Round to 3 decimal places.
A)What are the independent and dependent variables?
Dependent Variable:
Bacterial Vagninosis
Independent Varaibles:
Tuberculosis
Race
Poverty
Age at pregnancy
Alchol
B) Which potential confounders were significantly affecting the
relationship between the exposure and the outcome variables?
To identify the potential confounders we look at the pvalue. If it less than 0.5, they are significant.
Hence TBresult and race are significant variables.
C) Write out the model in symbols. Round to 3 decimal places.
y = 0.265-0.053 TBresult-0.036
poverty+0.074 race-0.004
ageatpregnancy+0.008 alcohol
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