Question

The Toylot company makes an electric train with a motor that it
claims will draw an average of *no more than* 0.8 amps under
a normal load. A sample of nine motors were tested, and it was
found that the mean current was *x* = 1.32 amps, with a
sample standard deviation of *s* = 0.41 amps. Perform a
statistical test of the Toylot claim. (Use a 1% level of
significance.)

**A. What are we testing in this problem?**

Option A: single proportion

Option B: single mean

**B. What is the level of significance?**

**C. State the null and alternate hypotheses.**

*H*_{0}: *μ* = 0.8;
*H*_{1}: *μ* ≠ 0.8

*H*_{0}: *μ* ≤ 0.8;
*H*_{1}: *μ* >
0.8

*H*_{0}: *p* ≤ 0.8;
*H*_{1}: *p* > 0.8

*H*_{0}: *μ* ≠ 0.8;
*H*_{1}: *μ* = 0.8

*H*_{0}: *p* = 0.8;
*H*_{1}: *p* ≠ 0.8

*H*_{0}: *p* ≠ 0.8;
*H*_{1}: *p* = 0.8

**D. What sampling distribution will you use? What
assumptions are you making?**

The Student's *t*, since we assume that *x* has a
normal distribution with unknown *σ*.

The standard normal, since we assume that *x* has a
normal distribution with unknown
*σ*.

The standard normal, since we assume that *x* has a
normal distribution with known *σ*.

The Student's *t*, since we assume that *x* has a
normal distribution with known *σ*.

**E. What is the value of the sample test statistic? (Round
your answer to three decimal places.)**

**F. Estimate the P-value.**

*P*-value > 0.250

0.125 < *P*-value <
0.250

0.050 < *P*-value < 0.1250.025 <
*P*-value < 0.050

0.005 < *P*-value < 0.025

*P*-value < 0.005

**G. Sketch the sampling distribution and show the area
corresponding to the P-value.**

**H. Will you reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis?
Are the data statistically significant at level
α?**

At the *α* = 0.01 level, we reject the null hypothesis
and conclude the data are statistically significant.

At the *α* = 0.01 level, we reject the null hypothesis
and conclude the data are not statistically
significant.

At the *α* = 0.01 level, we fail to reject the null
hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.

At the *α* = 0.01 level, we fail to reject the null
hypothesis and conclude the data are not statistically
significant.

**I. Interpret your conclusion in the context of the
application.**

There is sufficient evidence at the 0.01 level to conclude that the toy company claim of no more than 0.8 amps is too low.

There is insufficient evidence at the 0.01 level to conclude that the toy company claim of no more than 0.8 amps is too low.

Answer #1

H. At the α = 0.01 level, we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the data are statistically significant.

I. There is sufficient evidence at the 0.01 level to conclude that the toy company claim of no more than 0.8 amps is too low.

The Toylot company makes an electric train with a motor that it
claims will draw an average of no more than 0.8 amps under a normal
load. A sample of nine motors were tested, and it was found that
the mean current was x = 1.32 amps, with a sample standard
deviation of s = 0.43 amps. Perform a statistical test of the
Toylot claim. (Use a 1% level of significance.)
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