Question

# To what extent do syntax textbooks, which analyze the structure of sentences, illustrate gender bias? A...

To what extent do syntax textbooks, which analyze the structure of sentences, illustrate gender bias? A study of this question sampled sentences from 10 texts. One part of the study examined the use of the words "girl," "boy," "man," and "woman." We will call the first two words juvenile and the last two adult. Is the proportion of female references that are juvenile (girl) equal to the proportion of male references that are juvenile (boy)? Here are data from one of the texts:

 Gender n X(juvenile) Female 59 48 Male 132 53

a) Find the proportion of juvenile references for females and its standard error. Do the same for the males. (Round your answers to three decimal places.)

 p̂F =.853 SEF = .051 p̂M = .402 SEM = .043

b) Give a 90% confidence interval for the difference. (Do not use rounded values. Round your final answers to three decimal places.)

(______,______)

(c) Use a test of significance to examine whether the two proportions are equal. (Use p̂F − p̂M. Round your value for z to two decimal places and round your P-value to four decimal places.)

 z = P-value =

a.There is sufficient evidence to conclude that the two proportions are different.

b.There is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the two proportions are different.