Question

**You want to estimate the average household income for
Ohio. You want the margin of error to be no more than $1,000. Prior
data shows the standard deviation of household income is
$30,000.**

How many households should we sample to achieve the desired margin of error?

Suppose you want to cut the margin of error down to $500 next time. What should your sample size be?

Suppose you want to cut the margin down to 1/3 of what it started at (1/3 of 1000). What does your sample sizes have to be? (Be careful!)

Why do we always round up when finding the appropriate sample size to achieve a certain margin of error, even when the value after the decimal point is less than .5? (For example, if we solve for n and get 422.2 households, why do we round this up to 423 households when reporting the required n?)

Answer #1

ME = 1000 , s = 30000

z value at 95% = 1.96

ME = z *(s/sqrt(n))

1000 = 1.96 *(30000/sqrt(n))

n = 3457

ME = 500

z value at 95% = 1.96

ME = z *(s/sqrt(n))

500 = 1.96 *(30000/sqrt(n))

n = 13829

ME = 333.33

z value at 95% = 1.96

ME = z *(s/sqrt(n))

333.33 = 1.96 *(30000/sqrt(n))

n = 31116

If you need part of an any part of it to meet the margin of error requirement, we need the wholw individual. Rounding down will result in a slightly higher margin of error than what you wanted

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