Question

QUESTION 1 ? What is the relationship between family dysfunction and schizophrenia? a. ?Research has substantiated...

QUESTION 1

? What is the relationship between family dysfunction and schizophrenia?

a.

?Research has substantiated a link between family dysfunction and schizophrenia but can't say which causes the other.

b.

?Family dysfunction is a major causative factor for schizophrenia.

c.

?Research has failed to substantiate a direct causal link between family dysfunction and schizophrenia.

d.

?Family dysfunction plays a minor role in developing schizophrenia.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 2

? Chuck has no life plan; he simply lives from minute to minute. He can charm and manipulate others with skill. Although he has often been punished for lying and exploiting others, he neither learns from the experience nor feels anxiety or guilt. Chuck most likely has which personality disorder?

a.

?antisocial

b.

?obsessive-compulsive

c.

?avoidant

d.

?borderline

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 3

? A man with a blood alcohol concentration level of 0.30 percent is seen at a hospital. We can guess that this man is ____.

a.

?feeling happy and uninhibited

b.

?having trouble walking a straight line

c.

?not an alcoholic

d.

?unconscious or dead

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 4

? While Penny is undergoing chemotherapy to treat her leukemia, she depends totally on her daughter to care for her, drive her to appointments, do her shopping, cleaning, and other household chores. According to the DSM-5, does Penny meet the criteria for dependent personality disorder?

a.

?No, Penny appears to exhibit traits of avoidant personality disorder, not dependent personality disorder.

b.

?Yes, because she is dependent on others and is unable to take care of her own responsibilities.

c.

?No, not if the dependence is a temporary condition rather than pervasive.

d.

?Maybe; the answer depends on whether one takes a categorical or taxometric approach to diagnosing personality disorders.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 5

? A psychologist would likely state that "DSM-5 criteria for diagnosing ____ personality disorder include intense fluctuations in mood, self-image, and interpersonal relationships.”

a.

?histrionic

b.

?paranoid

c.

?borderline

d.

?narcissistic

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 6

? Based on their drug and alcohol use research of adolescents, Van Gundy, Cesar, and Rebellon (2010) found that ____ use during adolescence predicts later illicit substance use.

a.

?caffeine

b.

?alcohol

c.

?cannabis

d.

?nicotine

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 7

? Brent has been diagnosed with transvestic disorder. Although he is married, he has long wanted a sex-change operation. He must dress as a woman to be able to have intercourse with his wife. If the diagnosis is accurate, what is unusual about Brent's case?

a.

?It is unusual for a person diagnosed with transvestic disorder to want a sex-change

b.

?It is unusual for a person with transvestic disorder to be married.

c.

?It is unusual for cross-dressing to be used for heterosexual sex.

d.

?It is unusual for a man to have transvestic disorder.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 8

? The most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder is ____.

a.

?Alzheimer's disease

b.

?vascular dementia

c.

?multi-infarct dementia

d.

?stroke

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 9

? Steve has just been discharged from the hospital with the diagnosis of residual schizophrenia. Steve's family is marked by high levels of intra-familial criticism, hostility, and emotional over-involvement. Which statement is accurate?

a.

?Given Steve's diagnosis, his chances of relapse are minimal.

b.

?Steve's family would receive a low EE score.

c.

?Steve's family environment probably influenced the onset of his disorder but will have little impact on his rate of relapse.

d.

?Steve has a greater chance of relapse if he returns to his family than if he does not.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 10

? Stewart is a musician and often takes meth before his performances to help give him an "edge." Recently he has found that when he hasn't had a performance for several days and thus has not taken meth, he begins to feel fatigued and dragged out. He becomes high, agitated, and can't concentrate on his music. Stewart is demonstrating ____.

a.

?an addiction

b.

?psychological dependence

c.

?tolerance

d.

?symptoms of withdrawal

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 11

? What neuroimaging technique that is used to produce images of metabolic activity in the brain?

a.

?CT

b.

?CTE

c.

?TBI

d.

?PET

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 12

? Chemical castration, when used with sexual offenders, is designed to ____.

a.

?reduce psychological desire

b.

?decrease sex drive and sexual activity

c.

?make the sex offender physically incapable of having an erection

d.

?induce anxiety when the individual sees a potential victim

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 13

? People are often attracted to Christine because she is flamboyant and emotionally very expressive. She rarely, however, develops any long-term relationships, because people experience her as shallow and self-centered. What personality disorder or trait description would most fit Christine?

a.

?antisocial

b.

?histrionic

c.

?schizotypy

d.

?obsessive-compulsive

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 14

? Which drug is most associated with hallucinations, bad trips, and flashbacks?

a.

?amphetamine

b.

?LSD

c.

?marijuana

d.

?Valium

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 15

? Which individual exhibits a paraphilia?

a.

?Joe, who becomes sexually aroused in the presence of an attractive woman

b.

?John, who consensually rubs against his wife to become sexually aroused

c.

?Jules, who becomes sexually aroused when he sees his wife in a sexy negligee

d.

?Jake, who can only become sexually aroused when he is tied up and spanked by his partner

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 16

? Although Marlene's emotional responses are usually restricted, at totally inappropriate times, she giggles. She also fantasizes aloud and speaks in an incoherent and absurd manner. Her behavior is extremely bizarre and childish. The best diagnosis for her is ____.

a.

?schizophreniform disorder

b.

?adjustment disorder

c.

?schizophrenia

d.

?brief psychotic disorder

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 17

? Dr. Wold cautions his class about amphetamine use. He says, "They speed up central nervous system activity, which can account for users' increased alertness, energy, and feelings of euphoria. They also increase appetite and sleep. However, they are not physically addictive and do not produce tolerance." Which part of Dr. Wold's statement is accurate?

a.

?They speed up central nervous system activity.

b.

?Their use increases sleep.

c.

?Their use increases appetite.

d.

?They are not physically addictive.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 18

? Stefan and Darnell have been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Stefan walks around the room rapidly, talking endlessly, and swinging his arms. Darnell stands in one position for hours at a time, responding to nothing. Which statement is true about their behavior?

a.

?Stefan's behavior never occurs in schizophrenia; Darnell's behavior is typical of schizophrenia.

b.

?Neither Stefan's nor Darnell's behavior occurs in schizophrenia.

c.

?Both Stefan's and Darnell's behaviors are common motor disturbances seen in schizophrenia.

d.

?Stefan's behavior is typical of schizophrenia; Darnell's is extremely unlikely.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 19

? One area of support for the dopamine hypothesis is that ____.

a.

?a drug that increases dopamine activity reduces symptoms

b.

?high-risk children have lower dopamine levels

c.

?a drug that blocks dopamine activity reduces symptoms

d.

?high levels of dopamine are found in people with Parkinson's disease

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 20

? Connie's therapist attempts to replace the misconceptions and sexual myths that Connie has learned since childhood with accurate information about sexual anatomy and feelings. Which component of psychological treatment is the therapist using?

a.

?education

b.

?graded tasks

c.

?communication training

d.

?anxiety reduction

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 21

? Dr. Applebaum says, "Contrary to popular belief, this substance actually functions to inhibit the central nervous system. At low doses, it appears to cause disinhibition because the inhibitory centers of the brain are those first depressed. At high doses, this drug can cause unconsciousness and even death." What drug is Dr. Applebaum referring to?

a.

?nicotine

b.

?alcohol

c.

?cannabis

d.

?cocaine

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 22

? One step used in behavior therapy for treating pedophiles and rapists involves the ____.

a.

?extinction of sexual responses to deviant stimuli

b.

?individual's underlying needs for power and control

c.

?need to relax when deviant stimuli are presented

d.

?focus on cultural bias in favor of the independent male

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 23

? A therapist working with child victims of sexual abuse is likely to see symptoms that most closely parallel ____ in some cases.

a.

?bipolar disorder

b.

?paraphilias

c.

?dissociative identity disorder

d.

?posttraumatic stress disorder

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 24

? Sophie is playing volleyball. As she is about to spike the ball over the net, another player on her team accidentally collides with her, and Sophie hits her head against one of the metal poles that holds up the net. Sophie loses consciousness for a few seconds and, in a daze, she walks to the bench to sit down. Although she has a headache for a couple of weeks, she suffers no other effects from the blow. Sophie has experienced what type of brain injury?

a.

?a cerebrovascular accident

b.

?a laceration

c.

?a contusion

d.

?a concussion

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 25

? Approximately 87% of all strokes are the result of ____.

a.

?leakage of blood into the brain

b.

?vascular cognitive impairment

c.

?blood vessels bursting

d.

?reduced blood flow

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 26

? Dr. Estes treats patients who have sexually deviant behavior. He uses extinction and aversive conditioning to eliminate inappropriate behaviors and helps them acquire or strengthen appropriate behaviors. He also helps them develop social skills. Dr. Estes uses which approach for treating his patients?

a.

?psychodynamic

b.

?behavioral

c.

?cognitive

d.

?humanistic

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 27

? Which drug belongs in the sedative category?

a.

?benzodiazepine

b.

?caffeine

c.

?nicotine

d.

?amphetamine

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 28

? Professor Solomon tells her class, "Neurocognitive disorders are diagnosed through a process of elimination. Neurocognitive disorders may be due to a specific medical condition, a substance-induced condition, or may result from multiple etiologies. The category of neurocognitive disorders is arbitrary because other mental disorders may be associated with neurocognitive disorders and organic involvement. It is always difficult to measure, assess, and determine the causes of neurocognitive disorders." Which part of Professor Solomon's statement is accurate?

a.

?Neurocognitive disorders may be due to a specific medical condition, a substance-induced condition, or may result from multiple etiologies.

b.

?Neurocognitive disorders are diagnosed through a process of elimination.

c.

?The causes of neurocognitive disorders cannot be effectively measured or assessed as of yet.

d.

?The category of neurocognitive disorders is arbitrary because other mental disorders may be associated with neurocognitive disorders and organic involvement.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 29

? Scott has sexual fantasies and engages in sexual behavior that is focused on objects and situations that are not part of the usual pattern of affectionate sexual activity. His behavior often puts him at risk for being arrested. If Scott has a sexual problem, it is likely to be in the general category of ____.

a.

?paraphilic disorders

b.

?sexual personality disorders

c.

?sexual dysfunctions

d.

?gender dysphoria

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 30

? Among normally aging adults, infection or reactions to prescription drugs can result in ____.

a.

?schizophrenia

b.

?memory loss and confusion

c.

?chronic illness

d.

?Parkinson’s disease

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 31

? Shawn is diagnosed with schizotypal personality disorder. Research would suggest that his family ____.

a.

?could have some members with schizophrenia

b.

?engaged in substance abuse and comes from the lower socioeconomic classes

c.

?abused him when he was a child

d.

?is full of men with antisocial personality disorder

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 32

? Dr. Cirello is treating a 25-year-old man diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder. When Dr. Cirello investigates the man's family history, she is likely to learn that ____.

a.

?both parents were shy and depressed

b.

?the mother had a serious mental condition

c.

?the parents separated when he was young

d.

?both parents consistently reinforced him for being submissive

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 33

? Sandy asked Professor Alperson how decreased volumes in cortical structures and enlarged ventricles predispose a person to schizophrenia. Having read the recent research, Professor Alperson says, ____.

a.

?"They may result in weak or aberrant connections between the different brain regions, leading to reductions in the integrative function of the brain."

b.

?"They reduce dopamine activity in the brain by blocking dopamine receptor sites in post-synaptic neurons."

c.

?"They may create subconnections between different brain regions, thereby overloading neural circuitry."

d.

?"They increase the availability of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain and increase the severity of the symptoms."

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 34

? Male chronic heavy users of alcohol drink ____.

a.

?more than three drinks per day

b.

?more than five drinks per day

c.

?more than five drinks per day

d.

?more than two drinks per day

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 35

? What Dr. Daniels tells his class, "Research suggests abnormal brain activity causes antisocial personality disorder. EEG scans have revealed neurological differences in the occipital lobe that make people with APD more sensitive to emotions. The brain differences seem to explain why those with APD have trouble learning from punishment. Which part of Dr. Daniels' statement is accurate?

a.

?People with APD are more sensitive to emotions.

b.

?Abnormal brain activity causes antisocial personality disorder.

c.

?The EEG scans show neurological differences in the occipital lobe.

d.

?Brain differences seem to explain why people with APD have trouble learning from punishment.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 36

? Parkinson’s disease is diagnosed ____.

a.

?equally across genders

b.

?more in women than in men

c.

?only in men

d.

?more in men than in women

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 37

? Hal frequently coerces women into having intercourse. Assuming that he shares typical characteristics with other men who force women to have sex, Hal likely ____.

a.

?attributes his failed attempts at sexual encounters to perceived negative features of himself

b.

?tries to entice women into sexual encounters by talking about how great he is

c.

?came from a home in which his mother was more dominant than his father

d.

?actively creates situations in which sexual encounters may occur

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 38

? The personality characteristic of ____, associated with rebelliousness, novelty-seeking, risk-taking and impulsivity, increases risk of substance use.

a.

?behavioral undercontrol

b.

?extraversion

c.

?aggression

d.

?introversion

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 39

? When Dr. Arnold says his patient displays alogia, he means that she ____.

a.

?experiences an inability to take action or become goal-oriented

b.

?displays emotions that are totally inappropriate to the situation

c.

?experiences a lack of meaningful speech

d.

?shows little or no emotion in situations that would call for strong emotions

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 40

? A follow-up study by Wiersma and colleagues (1998) reported that about ____ percent of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia had continued impairment with no recovery after the first episode.

a.

?16

b.

?11

c.

?26

d.

?21

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 41

? Which statement about treatment of gender dysphoria is accurate?

a.

?Although hormone therapy is helpful for some transgender people, others may also undergo reassignment surgery.

b.

?The only valuable therapy is gender reassignment surgery.

c.

?Gender reassignment surgery is much less complicated for women who wish to be men than for men who wish to be women.

d.

?Men who change to females are generally more satisfied with gender reassignment surgery than women who change to males.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 42

? Sally is dependent on a drug that energizes her central nervous system and produces euphoria. It is likely that the drug is a ____.

a.

?depressant

b.

?stimulant

c.

?hallucinogen

d.

?painkiller

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 43

? A psychologist is interviewing a refugee to this country who is unfamiliar with the majority culture here. In his former country, this person was spied on by the government and was the victim of robberies and assaults. He is suspicious of most people in authority and does not trust their motives. Which personality disorder might a psychologist suspect of this refugee, given that he did not know the history?

a.

?schizotypal

b.

?borderline

c.

?obsessive-compulsive

d.

?paranoid

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 44

? According to Walter (2001), progression from initial substance use to substance use disorder follows a(n) ____ sequence.

a.

?typical

b.

?atypical

c.

?haphazard

d.

?heterogeneous

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 45

? Murray is diagnosed with a distinct personality disorder type. Which behavior cluster, as described in the DSM-5, is likely to characterize Murray?

a.

?He shows unwarranted suspiciousness and reluctance to trust others.

b.

?He shows impulsive actions that result in the need to release tension.

c.

?He is emotional and dramatic, often acting erratically.

d.

?He lacks self-confidence and is subordinate to those close to him.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 46

? Dr. Brubaker says, "Specific cognitive deficits are generally not present until after the first psychotic episode, and may be an indication of brain abnormalities that result in less “cognitive reserve.” Deficits in memory, and verbal and abstraction skills, are among the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia and are not found among non-psychotic relatives of the patient." Which part of Dr. Brubaker's statement is correct?

a.

?Deficits in memory and verbal and abstraction skills are not found among non-psychotic relatives of the patient.

b.

?Deficits in memory and verbal and abstraction skills are among the diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia.

c.

?The cognitive deficits may be an indication of brain abnormalities that result in less “cognitive reserve.”

d.

?Specific cognitive deficits are generally not present until after the first psychotic episode.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 47

? Longitudinal research with antisocial personality disorder shows that ____.

a.

?symptoms gets progressively worse over time

b.

?the prevalence of symptoms diminishes over time

c.

?there is very little change in symptoms over time

d.

?most individuals die prematurely because of risk-taking behaviors

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 48

? Which statement best describes the relationship between schizophrenia and socioeconomic level?

a.

?Schizophrenia is more prevalent at lower socioeconomic levels.

b.

?There is no consistent relationship between schizophrenia and socioeconomic level.

c.

?Schizophrenia is most common at upper socioeconomic levels.

d.

?Severe forms of the disorder are most common at upper socioeconomic levels.

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 49

? Vascular cognitive impairment , and atherosclerosis are terms associated with ____.

a.

?strokes

b.

?cerebral tumors

c.

?Alzheimer's disease

d.

?meningitis and encephalitis

1.00000 points   

QUESTION 50

? Which statement reflects a negative pattern of thinking associated with restricted affect symptoms?

a.

?“I’m not going to find the right words to express myself.”

b.

?“It takes too much effort to try.”

c.

?“Why bother, I’m just going to fail.”

d.

?“I am worthless and my condition is hopeless.”

Homework Answers

Answer #1

1. b) Family dysfunction is a main causative factor for schizophrenia

The presence of problems within a family causes relapse in recovering schizos like lack of warmth between parents and child.

2. a) anti-social

Chuck is antisocial because he doesn't have any social skills and plans for life.

3. d) unconscious or dead

The man with 0.3 percent alcohol in blood is not alcoholic and he is probably uncoscious or dead.

4. c) No, not if the dependence is a temporary conditions rather than pervasive.

Dependent personality disorder is only when the person is permanently dependent on her daughter. But if it is temporary dependence it is not dependent personality disorder.

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