Question

What are you thoughts on Kahneman, Fredrickson, and Prochaska's ideas about human thought? What do you...

What are you thoughts on Kahneman, Fredrickson, and Prochaska's ideas about human thought? What do you feel will the conclusion of each ideology will be as it relate to human thought?

Homework Answers

Answer #1

Kahneman, Fredrickson and Prochaska's ideas about human thought

  • Daniel Kahneman: He divided human thought into fast and slow. As fast thinking is based on human memory and is intuitive, it may lead to committing more mistakes. On the other hand, slow thinking is deliberate and effortful and can help humans in avoiding mistakes while taking decisions. For example, a boy will think fast when he’s asked how much 4x5 is. If he hasn’t memorized the table well, he may make a mistake while answering. However, slow thinking can save him from making an error, as he will evaluate and analyze his options well before deciding.
  • Barbara Fredrickson: She suggested that positive emotions like joy, happiness, love and pride broaden the cognition and thought-action repertoire of individuals. Due to positive affect, their thought patterns become more integrative, efficient, creative, and open to information.
  • James Prochaska: Prochaska’s transtheoretical model of behavior change focuses on the temporal dimension of change. It suggests that behavioral change occurs over time through these stages – pre-contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. If an individual assesses his/her thoughts about them and their problem behavior, they can move from pre-contemplation and contemplation stages to taking action and changing their behavior.

My thoughts and conclusion of each ideology

  • I agree with Kahneman’s theory, as slow thinking gives the brain more time to analyze, check and verify the final decision. Sometimes, humans learn and memorize incorrectly. At such times, an instant recall based on memory can make them commit mistakes, which could have been avoided had they had the right information stored in memory. Slow thinking can give them the new resources and information to correct them and improve their decisions. However, this ideology may work differently in varied situations, as thinking is multidimensional. Categorizing thoughts into two aspects seems to be a limited approach to behavioral modification.
  • Frederickson’s theory rightly talks about the effects of positive emotions on broadening the thought-action repertoire. When individuals are happier and positive in thoughts, their brain releases dopamine and their bodily changes during negative emotions can be easily controlled. Positive emotions thus play the role of an antidote to negative emotions that block creative thoughts. If individuals try to maintain positive thinking, they can move to grow well.
  • Prochaska’s ideology is a stage-based model that works well in cases of behavioral change. However, a non-stage approach could be a more effective alternative when it comes to changing personal thoughts and getting ready to take action to change oneself. There are several environmental factors that may impact the change in behavior, in addition to being mentally prepared to change.
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