Describe institutional bias. Provide some examples of institutional biases? What roles do attitudes, stereotypes, and prejudices play in institutional biases? What impact does cultural influence have on institutional biases?
definition of institutional bias is :those established laws,customs,and practices which systematically reflect and produce group based inequity in any society. institutional bias involves discriminatory practises that occur at the institutional level of analysis,operating on mechanisms that go beyond individual level of prejudice and discrimination.it would be easy to conclude that negative discrimination towards an outgroup could be eliminated if individuals negative associations ,stereotypes and prejudices towards that outward group would be eliminated,but even in ideal settings, where individuals hold no stereotypes and prejudices,towards a group, discrimination will still occur.
examples of institutional bias are boundless, includes, social impact of prejudices,stereotyping and discrimination, which includes analysis of discrimination in the labour market ,education law,health care and politics and it has been documented even in criminal justice system,environmental management,the retail and housing markets.
there has been documented decline in individually expressed prejudice negative stereotypes and attitudes against blacks in united states.
cultural bias works its way into institutional bias,eg;cultural racism.inlocations where the dominant culture is individualistic,rules and procedures will be built around individualistic values.in a culture with more collectivistic values,there would likely exist different policies, laws and procedures.many culture world wide value a white conception of these dimentions and when those values work their way into institutions,they can disadvantage people from different cultural background.
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