Question

If you were a participant in Milgram’s research on conformity, how far do you think you...

If you were a participant in Milgram’s research on conformity, how far do you think you would go in carrying out orders? Do you see a problem with the experimenter’s manipulation of the control subjects? What can you conclude from his experiment, and how can you use this information?

A few questions to keep in mind when addressing this weeks’ topic:

Stanley Milgram’s Obedience Study
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milgram_experiment

How was this study conducted? What was the purpose of the study? What were the findings of the study? How do authority figures affect us? Were all of the components of the research process discussed?

Solomon Asch Experiment
http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/psychology/social/asch_conformity.html

Why do people conform? What effect does group size have on conformity? What happens if there is just one other dissenter in the group?

Below is a link to a trailer for the film “Experimenter” based on the Milgram experiments.

Homework Answers

Answer #1

Stanley Milgram conducted a landmark study in the area of social conformity wherein he demonstrated the evidence that individuals are likely to agree with the group and follow the group tendency in their thoughts and behaviour even when it may have negative consequences or may against their own ethical and moral reasoning. In the study, Participants were led to believe that they were assisting an unrelated experiment, in which they had to administer electric shocks to a "learner". These fake electric shocks gradually increased to levels that would have been fatal had they been real. Surprisingly, the study found a statistically strong relation between obedience to authority in the experimental participants to even punitive actions even if they were reluctant to do it against their own morality. Milgram explained the results in terms of Asch’s theory of conformity which states that individuals tend to follow the rest of the group or experts when they are clueless or unsure about how to respond in a new situation. Moreover, Milgram theorised that social conformity in the study could demonstrate agentic state theory wherein obedience to authority sets in when people begin to see themselves as instruments to fulfill other people’s wishes and they no longer can feel responsible for their own actions and therefore respond with extreme measures. Base did on these two theories, if I consider myself in the same study as Milgram’s participants, then I can see myself as a dissenter in the situation. I find it highly unlikely that I could persuade myself to follow instructions or commands which go against my own ethical principles. Seeing or imagining others in pain is not easy and it is therefore unlikely that I would give electrical shocks to the learner’s in the study at greater intensity.

The Milgram experiments have been a breakthrough research in addressing some of the emergent political and social incidences of the time such as the Nuremberg trials of the Nazi scientists and officials who defended their actions on grounds of obedience to the authorities. The study has however been highly questioned on grounds of ethics. For one, critics question the extreme level of emotional distress it created in the participants for delivering shocks against their will ss the research involved the use of deception where the actual purpose of the study was not told to the participants before the collection of data. Moreover, it is argued by scholars that a proper follow up debriefing procedure was not adequately carried out with the participants after the completion of the study and this led many participants with no closure and healthy resolution of their negative affect that were triggered in the process of the study. Moreover, the study is questioned on grounds of its methodology as the sample chosen was a biased one. The Milgram study had involved only Male participants and moreover the sample was not randomly selected but constituted of individuals who responded to the researcher’s advertisement in a newspaper. The findings are thus questioned for their generalisability to the entire American population.

Know the answer?
Your Answer:

Post as a guest

Your Name:

What's your source?

Earn Coins

Coins can be redeemed for fabulous gifts.

Not the answer you're looking for?
Ask your own homework help question
Similar Questions
short answer: Explain what instrumental leadership is. How is this different from expressive leadership? Define two...
short answer: Explain what instrumental leadership is. How is this different from expressive leadership? Define two of the three leadership styles and give a brief description of each. What does the research by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram show us about the ability of social groups to affect the opinions and behavior of group members? What is the meaning of "in-group" and "out-group?" How do they both affect the opinions and behavior of individuals? List two of the six traits...
1. What evidence did Milgram have to cause him to make this statement? (Be specific referring...
1. What evidence did Milgram have to cause him to make this statement? (Be specific referring to examples/facts from Milgram's findings. There are many facts about Milgram’s research that are not in your text – search other sources to get as much detail about the study as you can.) 2. What do you think of Milgram's study in general? That is, why was it so controversial? Do you think it could be conducted today? 3. What were the factors that...
Introduction We are surrounded by people everyday but how does this affect our behavior? Would you...
Introduction We are surrounded by people everyday but how does this affect our behavior? Would you obey someone who you thought was in a position of authority even though you really did not want to? Let’s see what one of the significant studies in Social Psychology found out about the influence of others on our behavior. Milgram’s classic study of obedience is quite interesting. As you read about the study and research your Discussion answer, think of other instances in...
Think of your experience in taking a survey. Why do you think you were selected? How...
Think of your experience in taking a survey. Why do you think you were selected? How willing were you to answer the survey? How honestly did you answer the questions in the survey? Was there any incentive provided? If so, did that influence the way you answered the questions in the survey? As you answer these questions, what are some concerns that you have in sampling? What is the purpose of diversity in sampling for your study? Identify some potential...
If you are accepted to Tokyo Christian University, how do you think your 4 years of...
If you are accepted to Tokyo Christian University, how do you think your 4 years of study in Japan will impact your career and/or Christian service after you graduate from TCU? To answer this question, you should first browse through the pages of TCU’s website. In particular, read about TCU’s commitment (http://www.tci.ac.jp/english/admissions/acts/commitment) and what we mean by a Liberal Arts education (http://www.tci.ac.jp/english/info/liberal-arts). You may also wish to read about TCU’s courses under “Academics” (http://www.tci.ac.jp/english/academics/ug/ug-acts/major). Then, based on what you have...
How would an experiment change if a variable for the introspection were gender? Do you think...
How would an experiment change if a variable for the introspection were gender? Do you think that men and women differ in introspection? Why is it important that we are aware of both Thitchener and Wudt’s approach to introspection?
Summary: Find an academic journal RESEARCH article within the field of your degree program and do...
Summary: Find an academic journal RESEARCH article within the field of your degree program and do a critique of the article using the following checklist. I have Selected the Article(Or you can choose another Article which you know about): "International Business and National Culture: A Literature Review and Research Agenda." Link of Article web:  http://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=5&sid=1bb8aaee-556d-489a-91bf-aca3162b3685%40sessionmgr4007 Web Use ID: Webber1 Password: library CHECKLIST FOR EVALUATING RESEARCH ARTICLES Describe the purpose of the article What is the problem? Is it clearly stated? Does...
A group of 463 first-year college students were asked, “About how many hours do you study...
A group of 463 first-year college students were asked, “About how many hours do you study during a typical week?” The mean response is 15.3 hours. Assume that the study time is normally distributed with a sample standard deviation of 8.5 hours. Construct a 99% confidence level interval for the mean study time of all first-year students.
How do robins catch worms? one afternoon, you notice several robins hopping around in the garden....
How do robins catch worms? one afternoon, you notice several robins hopping around in the garden. you see that one robin hops a distance of one or two feet and pauses for a few seconds with his head cocked and then moves another couple of feet. Occasionally, the robin will stab at the ground. You notice that eight times out of ten, he successfully obtains a worm. A. What is the research question? B. Based on the observation you made...
As you saw from the lab PowerPoint slides last week, you will be doing a research...
As you saw from the lab PowerPoint slides last week, you will be doing a research study looking at ‘Aggression Priming” for your first paper. For this week’s discussion, I want you to discuss with your group what you think this study is about. What is the hypothesis? What theory does it come from? What do you predict will happen (do you expect something different than the hypothesis in the researcher instructions? If so, what and why?)? Do you think...
ADVERTISEMENT
Need Online Homework Help?

Get Answers For Free
Most questions answered within 1 hours.

Ask a Question
ADVERTISEMENT