Describe the signs of alcohol poisoning and the appropriate treatment based on the individual’s presentation.
Signs and symptoms of alcohol poisoning:
Even when someone stops drinking, blood alcohol concentration (BAC) can continue to rise for 30-40 minutes, resulting in worsening symptoms.
The following signs and symptoms may indicate a progression from being drunk to alcohol poisoning:
In serious cases:
If the alcohol poisoning is extreme, the patient can go into a coma and potentially die.
Treatment for alcohol poisoning
Alcohol poisoning is a significant medical condition. It requires immediate treatment if suspected.
If a person is thought to have alcohol poisoning, an ambulance should be called. Before the ambulance arrives, the following assistance should be given:
In the hospital, depending on the patient's BAC level and severity of signs and symptoms, staff may just monitor them until their alcohol levels gradually drop. However, depending on the severity of symptoms, other treatments may include:
If the patient - who may sometimes be a child - has unintentionally drunk methanol or isopropyl alcohol and has alcohol poisoning they may need dialysis to speed up the removal of toxins from their system.
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